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Missionary  Herald. 

VoL.  XCIV.  — MARCH,  1898.— Xo.  III. 

C)ne  of  the  most  delightful  visitations  of  late  years  has  been  that  of  President 
Lainson  and  Vice-President  James  to  some  of  the  cities  and  churches  in  the 
A Visit  at  Wcst.  Beginning  at  Chicago,  they  spent  a Sabbath  with  its 
the  West,  churches,  and  the  Monday  following  with  the  ministers,  theological 
students,  and  Congregational  Club  of  that  city.  Thence  they  went  to  Detroit, 
where  a hearty  welcome  was  accorded  them ; thence  to  Cleveland,  at  which 
point  the  Congregational  Club  had  provided  a reception.  An  interesting  day 
was  spent  at  Oberlin,  with  the  students  and  churches.  President  Lamson  also 
visited  St.  Louis  and  Washington,  and  at  each  place  received  a most  gratifying 
welcome.  From  many  sources  we  learn  of  the  great  pleasure  which  this  visit 
has  afforded,  and  we  are  confident  that  much  good  will  be  accomplished.  Dr. 
Lamson  and  Mr.  James  have  experienced  special  satisfaction  in  the  evidences 
of  the  love  and  sympathy  with  vvhich  the  American  Board  is  regarded  by  the 

We  welcome  with  great  gladness,  as  will  also  multitudes  of  friends  in  all  parts 
of  the  world,  a memorial  volume  of  our  late  Secretary,  Dr.  N.  G.  Clark,  which 
Memorial  of  ^as  been  prepared  by  his  wife,  and  published  by  d'he  Pilgrim  Press 
Secretary  Clark,  of  Boston.  It  is  a volume  of  223  pages,  half  of  them  filled  with 
papers  selected  from  those  presented  by  Dr.  Clark  at  the  Annual  Meetings  of 
the  American  Board.  The  story  of  his  life  is  told  briefly  but  most  beautifully, 
followed  by  letters  and  testimonials  from  individuals  and  various  associations, 
called  forth  by  his  departure  from  earth.  This  memorial  brings  before  us  with 
touching  clearness  the  beloved  secretary  in  whom  there  was  a remarkable  blend- 
ing of  strength  and  gentleness.  The  papers  which  he  prepared  and  are  here 
printed  are  of  permanent  value,  and  the  volume  will  prove  a delight  and  inspira- 
tion to  missionaries  and  friends  of  missions,  by  whom  Dr.  Clark  was  so  greatly 
beloved  and  honored. 

We  did  not  refer  in  our  last  issue  to  the  setting  apart,  by  general  consent  of 
the  missionaries  and  Christian  people  all  over  India,  of  Sunday,  December  12, 
as  a day  of  special  prayer  “ For  the  awakening  of  India.”  That 

Prayer  for  India.  , , ^ 

date  had  passed  before  the  tidings  of  its  designation  as  a day  of 
special  prayer  had  been  received  here.  But  word  is  now  coming  that  the  day 
was  observed  with  great  interest  in  many  parts  of  India.  It  was  preceded  in 
the  churches  by  special  services  of  prayer,  and  the  religious  newspapers  and  the 
churches  did  everything  possible  to  prepare  for  the  observance  of  the  day. 


Editorial  Paragraphs. 


Since  our  last  number  was  issued,  arrangements  have  been  made  by  which 
President  E.  D.  Eaton,  of  Beloit  College,  has  been  added  to  the  Deputation  of 
The  Deputation  to  the  Board  to  visit  our  Chinese  missions.  Colonel  Hopkins 
China.  and  President  Eaton  will  be  accompanied  by  their  wives. 

Secretary  Smith  and  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Eaton  sailed  from  Vancouver  on  January  31, 
and  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hopkins  follow  from  San  Francisco,  February  23.  It  may  be 
well  to  state  here  that,  aside  from  a portion  of  the  expenses  of  the  secretary  in 
charge  of  the  Chinese  missions,  the  whole  cost  of  the  Deputation  will  be  met 
outside  of  the  treasury  of  the  Board.  It  has  been  gratifying  to  note  with 
what  unanimity  the  press,  both  religious  and  secular,  in  the  East  and  West,  have 
united  in  commendation  of  the  wisdom  of  sending  this  Deputation  as  a means 
for  securing  both  greater  economy  and  efficiency  in  the  missions,  as  well  as 
for  the  awakening  of  the  churches  at  home  to  a deeper  sense  of  the  duty  of 
evangelizing  this  vast  empire  of  the  Orient. 

One  of  our  best  missionaries  in  Japan  engaged  in  evangelistic  work  is  con- 
vinced that  he  could  increase  his  usefulness  many  fold  if  he  had  a stereopticon. 

Wanted,  It  has  been  proven  that  addresses  to  the  Japanese  in  which  a 
A stereopticon.  stereopticon  is  used  have  great  power  in  disarming  prejudices 
and  in  gaining  access  to  the  better  class  of  people.  Will  not  some  one  gladly 
give  a first-class  instrument  to  be,  in  some  sort,  his  substitute  in  preaching  the 
gospel  in  Japan?  We  shall  be  glad  to  hear  from  any  one  so  moved. 

Let  no  one  fail  to  read  the  letter  from  Foochow,  on  another  page,  giving  an 
account  of  services  of  unusual  interest  connected  with  the  annual  meeting  of 
The  Foochow  missionaries  and  native  Christians.  The  reports  of  the  year’s 
Mission.  work  indicate  remarkable  growth,  and  the  fact  that  the  sessions 
were  held  in  a heathen  temple,  since  no  church  was  large  enough  to  hold  the 
congregations,  illustrates  both  numerical  advance  and  the  new  attitude  of  the 
people,  in  that  they  were  ready  to  rent  their  heathen  temple  for  a Christian 
convention.  The  outlook  in  the  Foochow  Mission  is  certainly  most  inspiring. 

In  the  current  number  of  Congregational  Work  will  be  found  a communica- 
tion from  Dr.  J.  D.  Davis,  of  Kyoto,  which  is  quite  in  line  with  the  statements 
The  Reaction  C)f  Dr.  Gordon  in  the  article  from  him  given  in  the  last  Missionary 
in  Japan.  Herald.  The  signs  of  a reawakening  of  the  spiritual  life  among 
the  Christians  of  Japan  are  unmistakable.  On  account  of  the  defections  which 
have  occurred  on  the  part  of  a few,  many  of  our  friends  had  almost  despaired  of 
the  churches  in  Japan.  They  will  surely  be  cheered  by  the  statements  of  Dr. 
Davis  as  to  what  has  been  accomplished  in  the  Japan  Mission  and  as  to  the 
outlook  for  the  future. 

The  convention  of  the  Student  Volunteer  Movement,  to  be  held  in  Cleveland, 
Ohio,  February  23  to  27,  promises  to  be  a meeting  of  unusual  importance.  It 
The  student  Voiun=  will  unquestionably  be  the  largest  of  the  kind  ever  held,  and 
teer  Convention,  presence  of  Messrs.  Mott  and  Wilder  and  others  who  have 

been  leaders  in  the  movement,  who  will  have  much  to  report  concerning  what 
they  have  seen  of  missions  in  all  parts  of  the  world,  will  give  unwonted  interest 
to  the  sessions.  May  the  Spirit  of  God  rest  upon  the  assembly  and  a new  im- 
pulse be  given  to  the  work  of  bringing  this  lost  world  into  allegiance  to  Christ ! 


Editorial  Paragraphs. 


'Fhe  estimated  expenses  of  the  American  Board  for  1897-1898  are  $650,000. 
This  will  involve  an  average  monthly  expenditure  of  about  $54,000. 

. . The  regular  donations  from  the  churches  and  individuals 

Financial.  ° 

for  the  month  of  January  amounted  to  ....  $46,457.39 
The  legacies  amounted  to 12,636.82 

Total  for  January ’.  $59,094.21 

While  these  receipts  for  the  month  equal  our  estimated  expenses,  there  is 
ground  for  solicitude,  since  the  donations  from  the  churches  are  less  than  last 
year,  and  these  winter  months  are  our  most  fruitful  seasons. 

For  five  months  of  the  fiscal  year  the  regular  donations  have 

amounted  to $158,041.72 

The  legacies  have  amounted  to  . 74,021.36 

Total  for  five  months $232,063.08 

It  will  be  seen  that  the  legacies  constitute  nearly  one  half  of  our  receipts  for 
five  months,  and  these  total  receipts  are  $38,000  less  than  the  amount  needed 
to  meet  the  estimated  expenses  of  this  period. 

Aside  from  the  above  there  was  received  for  the  Debt  in  January,  $2,415.09, 
and  within  the  five  months,  $18,393.06. 

The  receipts  for  special  objects  in  January  amounted  to  $2,289.14,  and  for  the 
five  months  to  $10,239.92.  These  gifts  marked  special”  are  applied  according 
to  the  will  of  the  donors,  and  in  no  wise  help  in  meeting  the  regular  appropria- 
tions or  pledges  of  the  Board. 

The  readers  of  the  Herald  should  examine  these  figures  with  the  utmost  care. 
They  show  that  the  American  Board  is  still  in  grave  financial  distress.  Every 
friend  of  missions  should  see  to  it  that  the  story  of  need  is  told,  and  that  every 
effort  possible  be  made  to  largely  increase  the  resources  of  the  Board. 

The  office  of  the  American  Board  in  New  York  has  been  changed  from  the 
Bible  House  to  what  is  called  the  United  Charities  Building,  corner  of  Fourth 
New  Office  in  Avenue  and  Twenty-second  Street.  The  other  Congregational 
New  York.  Benevolent  Societies  have  also  removed  to  the  same  floor  of  the 
same  building.  Our  District  Secretary,  Dr.  Creegan,  should  hereafter  be 
addressed  at  that  office.  Our  monthly  paper,  Cong?'egational  Work^  has  also 
gone  to  the  same  new  quarters  and  its  address  will  be  simply  Cong7'egational 
Work,  Fourth  Avenue  and  Twenty-second  Street,  New  York  City.  We  call 
special  attention  to  this  fact,  inasmuch  as  communications  for  that  paper  are 
occasionally  addressed  to  the  Rooms  of  the  American  Board  in  Boston,  In  this 
connection  it  is  not  amiss  to  say  that  Congregational  Work  is  proving  its  right 
to  be  by  the  success  which  has  attended  it  during  the  first  year  of  its  life. 
While  it  does  not  claim  to  make  any  complete  record  of  missionary  work,  it  has 
yet  entered  thousands  of  homes  otherwise  unreached  by  missionary  literature  of 
any  sort.  Limited  though  its  space  is,  it  has  given  fresh  and  interesting  matter 
concerning  the  progress  of  the  kingdom  in  our  own  and  other  lands.  It  begins 
the  year  1898  with  some  improvements  and  with  much  promise  of  being  a 
genuine  aid  to  the  varied  forms  of  work  in  which  all  Christians  should  be 


Editorial  Paragraphs. 


Letters  have  been  received  from  Ruk  and  Ponape,  coming  by  the  way  of 
Manila,  the  latest  date  from  Ponape  being  October  ii.  The  missionaries 
report  themselves  as  in  good  health,  though  Captain  Bray,  of 

From  Micronesia.  i i - ii 

the  Morning  Star,  which  was  at  Ruk  during  the  latter  part  of 
September,  had  been  ill  of  remittent  fever,  confining  him  on  shore  seventeen 
days.  Owing  to  reports  that  had  been  industriously  circulated  in  the  Mortlock 
Islands  that  the  Star  would  not  again  visit  that  group,  and  that  the  American 
Board  would  abandon  its  work  there,  it  was  deemed  best  that  the  vessel  should  go 
to  the  Mortlocks  to  disabuse  the  minds  of  the  natives.  This  was  done,  and  the 
result  was  most  cheering.  Captain  Bray  reports  that  ‘‘  the  Star  was  greeted  with 
cheers  at  all  the  stations,  and  the  plain  talk  we  had  with  the  teachers  and  chiefs 
made  us  feel  that  they  now  realize  the  true  condition  of  affairs.”  The  deeds  of 
all  the  property  belonging  to  the  Board  at  the  islands  were  obtained,  and  were 
taken  to  Ponape,  to  be  sealed  by  the  Spanish  governor.  Captain  Bray  says  that 
under  the  circumstances  they  were  most  agreeably  surprised  to  witness  the  ear- 
nestness of  the  Mortlock  Christian  communities.  There  was  no  sign  of  the  old 
heathenish  painting  of  the  body,  and  the  captain  can  say : The  Mortlocks 

certainly  impressed  me  as  a Christian  land.  Surely  the  Lord  himself  must  have 
kept  his  everlasting  arms  underneath.”  For  details  of  the  work  both  at  Ruk  and 
the  Mortlocks  we  must  wait  for  the  letters  that  will  come  up  by  the  Star,  which  is 
expected  at  Honolulu  in  April. 

Conflicting  reports  come  from  the  island  of  Ponape.  Mr.  Price,  who  came 
on  the  Star  from  Ruk  to  Ponape,  speaks  in  very  favorable  terms  of  the  new 
The  Situation  Spanish  governor  at  Ponape,  who  seems  a fair-minded  and  capable 
on  Ponape.  man.  He  gave  permission  to  go  to  any  part  of  the  island,  and  he 
promised  to  take  into  careful  consideration  all  suggestions  made  in  the  interests 
of  the  mission.  Mr.  Price  was  unfavorably  impressed  by  the  appearance  of  the 
people.  Drinking  seemed  very  common,  and  the  moral  tone  low,  yet  he  believes 
that  the  people  are  ready  for  the  coming  of  the  missionary  and  that  there  would 
be  reasonable  response  to  his  appeals.  Captain  Bray  saw  many  signs  that  Roman- 
ism was  declining,  and  giving  place  to  Protestantism  on  the  island.  He  learned 
that  in  several  places  the  Christian  natives  were  about  to  build  new  churches  and 
commence  public  worship  again.  Henry  Nanpei,  the  native  Christian  laborer, 
who  was  with  our  mission  before  it  was  driven  out,  affirms  that  the  Christian  work 
is  prospering  and  that  more  schools  and  churches  have  been  erected  the  past 
year  than  ever  before. 

The  newspapers  have  reported  the  disturbances  in  Prague,  where  our  mission 
to  Austria  has  its  central  station,  and  a letter  from  Dr.  Clark  reports  that,  though 
, ^ the  riots  were  not  as  bad  as  they  have  been  represented,  yet 

Affairs  at  Prague.  ■'  • r ji 

they  were  bad  enough.  Though  many  lives  were  sacrificed 
and  over  one  thousand  persons  were  wounded,  not  one  of  the  adherents  con- 
nected with  our  mission  was  concerned  in  the  rioting,  and  no  one  of  them  was 
injured.  Dr.  Clark  writes  : “We  can  say  to  the  government,  ‘You  can  have  no 
occasion  to  punish  any  of  those  who  love  to  hear  the  gospel.’  ” He  adds,  “ We 
are  still  under  martial  law,  but  its  severity  is  already  relaxed  a little.  At  first  all 
houses  were  required  to  be  locked  up  at  seven  o’clock,  but  now  they  may  remain 
open  until  nine  and  our  evening  meetings  are  doing  full  work  again.” 


Editorial  Paragraphs. 


We  have  before  reported  the  erection  of  a fine  hospital  building  in  iMadura 
City,  under  the  care  of  Dr.  Van  Allen,  the  funds  for  which  were  contributed  by 
The  New  Hospital  native  gentlemen  of  the  district,  all  of  whom  are  non-Chris- 
at  Madura.  tians.  The  completed  building  was  opened  on  the  twenty- 
ninth  cf  October  by  His  Excellency  Sir  Arthur  Havelock,  governor  of  Madras. 
After  prayer  by  Dr.  Chester,  of  Dindigul,  the  Rajah  of  Ramnad,  who  was  one  of 
the  principal  donors,  having  subscribed  16,000  rupees  ($4,800),  made  the 
opening  address.  While  not  cloaking  in  the  least  his  continued  adherence  to  the 
Hindu  faith,  he  spoke  with  much  feeling  concerning  the  excellent  work  done  by 
Dr.  Van  Allen  through  his  medical  work.  Among  other  things  he  said:  “It  is 
Christian  charity  that  has  brought 
our  Western  sisters  and  brethren 
to  come  and  work  amongst  us 
here,  and  it  is  Hindu  charity  that 
has  given  the  little  we  have  given 
for  the  construction  of  this  hos- 
pital. . . . The  natives  of  this 
district  and  the  inhabitants  of 
Madras  lie  under  a deep  obliga- 
tion to  the  American  mission  in 
general  and  to  Dr.  Van  Allen  in 
particular.”  Dr.  Van  Allen  fol- 
lowed with  an' interesting  state- 
ment concerning  the  building, 
that  it  had  cost  42,000  rupees, 
and  that  while  almost  every  rupee 
for  its  construction  had  been  con- 
tributed by  native  gentlemen, 
some  of  the  furnishings  of  the 
hospital  had  been  provided  by 
native  Christians  and  by  friends 
of  some  of  the  missionaries.  .Sir 
Arthur  Havelock,  in  opening  the  hospital,  spoke  warmly  of  the  success  which  had 
attended  it  and  the  good  which  it  might  be  expected  to  accomplish.  The 
photo-engraving  adjoining  is  of  the  Pandari  Sanathy,  or  high  priest,  of  a large 
Hindu  temple  about  forty  miles  from  Madura,  who,  though  of  course  a thorough- 
going orthodox  Hindu,  yet  gave  500  rupees  toward  the  construction  of  this 
hospital,  the  money  coming  from  the  temple  funds.  It  is  well  understood  by  all 
the  contributors  to  this  work  that  it  is  to  be  a Christian  hospital,  in  which  the 
gospel  is  to  be  preached  continually,  while  patients  are  treated  in  the  best  methods 
known  to  Western  medical  science. 

Missionaries  have  their  sacrifices,  some  of  them  cutting  their  hearts  most 
sorely,  but  they  ask  no  special  commiseration  on  this  account.  They  have 
A Full  Life  great  reward,  oftentimes  here,  always  in  store  for  the  future. 

One  of  their  number,  who  has  no  easy  path,  as  the  world  would  judge, 
says  in  a recent  letter : “ I never  before  found  life  so  rich,  so  full,  so  alluring.” 



Editorial  Paragraphs. 


It  will  be  remembered  that  when  the  Pandita  Ramabai  opened  her  home  for 
child  widows  at  Poona,  India,  the  work  was  purely  philanthropic  and  in  no 

sense  missionary.  She  was  simply  protesting  against  the  social 

Pandita  Ramabai.  , ^ , . , , f, 

system  of  India  which  relegated  these  young  widows  to  a life 
of  suffering,  if  not  of  infamy,  and  she  sought  to  provide  a home  for  a few  which 
might  be  an  object  lesson  to  all  Hindus.  Though  herself  a professed  Christian, 
she  expressly  disclaimed  any  purpose  to  proselyte  the  inmates  of  her  institution. 
Some  four  years  since,  two  or  three  of  the  girls  declared  their  Christian  faith, 
and  the  Hindu  gentlemen  who  were  on  the  Advisory  Board  of  the  institution 
were  greatly  excited  and  published  their  complaints  against  the  Pandita.  Al- 
though it  was  proven  that  this  action  on  the  part  of  the  girls  was  entirely  spon- 
taneous, many  supporters  of  the  institution  withdrew  from  their  connection  with 
it.  Yet  the  institution  prospered  and  another  settlement  was  made  at  Khedgaon, 
both  of  them  being  crowded  with  inmates.  The  remarkable  fact  now  appears 
that  in  both  these  Homes  a genuine  revival  has  taken  place.  At  Poona  no  less 
than  ii6  women  and  child  widows  have  been  baptized,  and  in  the  other  institu- 
tion almost  as  many  (io8)  have  enrolled  themselves  as  Christians.  A writer 
says  of  these  converts  : “ The  happy  faces  and  frequent  expressions  of  praise 
show  that  the  Spirit  teaches  his  children  alike  the  world  over,  for  these  women 
have  never  come  in  contact  with  many  Christians,  revivals,  or  baptismal  services.” 
A work  of  such  beneficence,  though  its  purpose  be  simply  humanitarian,  if 
carried  on  in  the  spirit  which  the  Pandita  Ramabai  manifests,  will  surely  lead  to 
Christ  and  to  his  redemption  as  the  source  of  power. 

It  is  an  interesting  movement  which  the  Rev.  Gilbert  Reid,  formerly  of  the 
Presbyterian  Mission  in  China,  has  inaugurated  with  a view  of  reaching  the 
A New  Institute  higher  classes  in  China  and  imparting  to  them  a better  knowl- 
for  China.  edge  of  Western  literature  and  science.  Having  an  exception- 
ally large  acquaintance  with  mandarins  and  others  in  high  position  in  China, 
Mr.  Reid  believes  that  through  an  International  Institute,  having  a public  library 
and  a museum  for  the  exhibition  of  articles  illustrating  Western  science  and 
art,  together  with  rooms  for  lectures  and  social  intercourse,  the  higher  and  most 
influential  classes  of  the  Chinese  can  be  brought  into  sympathy  with  foreigners 
and  can  thus  be  helped  immensely  in  their  efforts  for  the  better  enlightenment 
of  the  empire.  The  scheme  has  been  endorsed  by  Li  Hung  Chang  and  other 
prominent  Chinese,  as  well  as  by  many  foreign  merchants  and  missionaries 
in  the  empire.  The  movement  is  not  directly  religious,  yet  it  is  designed  to 
bring  the  Chinese  into  connection  with  the  arts  and  sciences  of  the  Western 
world  through  a medium  not  hostile  but  favorable  to  Christianity.  There  are 
many  men  of  means  in  this  country,  philanthropic  in  their  desires,  who  do  not 
altogether  approve  of  the  course  of  missionary  societies  in  establishing  schools 
and  colleges  which  are  confessedly  designed  to  propagate  the  Christian  faith, 
holding  that  it  would  be  better  to  first  educate  the  natives  and  rely  upon  the 
indirect  influences  that  would  follow  from  a liberal  education.  Those  who 
reason  thus  will  have  a fine  opportunity  to  contribute  to  an  institution 
which,  under  exceptionally  favorable  circumstances,  would  seem  to  meet  their 


Editorial  Paragraphs. 


The  last  reports  we  gave  from  the  kingdom  of  Uganda  were  of  a re- 
bellion of  Soudanese  troops  against  the  government  which  threatened  seriously 

Sad  News  the  lives  and  fortunes  of  the  missionaries.  Tidings  have  now  been 
from  Uganda,  received  by  telegraph  from  the  eastern  coast  that  the  leading  man 
among  the  missionaries,  Mr.  G.  L.  Pilkington,  has  been  killed,  and  that  there 
was  a fear  lest  the  garrison  of  the  Budu  province  might  rebel.  What  has 
happened  beyond  these  brief  statements  is  still  unknown,  but  the  situation  is 
most  alarming.  Mr.  Pilkington  was  a remarkable  man,  the  equal  of  Hannington 
and  Mackay  as  a missionary  leader.  Though  but  thirty-three  years  of  age  he 
has  been  seven  years  connected  with  the  mission,  and  during  this  period  has 
accomplished  an  extraordinary  amount  of  work,  especially  in  the  way  of  transla- 
tion of  the  Scriptures  and  of  a Christian  literature  into  the  native  language.  His 
abilities  in  this  line  seemed  almost  phenomenal.  On  his  first  journey  inland  he 
made  such  proficiency  in  the  language  that  he  could  speak  it  on  reaching 
Uganda,  and  in  less  than  three  months  after  his  arrival  he  had  begun  the  work 
of  translating  the  Scriptures.  This  was  in  1890.  The  New  Testament  was 
finished  and  sent  home  to  be  printed  in  1893,  and  the  Old  Testament,  of  which 
he  translated  all  except  a few  of  the  minor  prophets,  was  finished  in  1896.  He 
wrote  and  translated  hymns  and  much  other  literature  for  the  Baganda.  He  was 
a man  of  great  spiritual  power,  acting  as  chaplain  to  the  army,  and  often  preach- 
ing to  large  audiences,  sometimes  numbering  2,000.  An  English  army  officer 
who  had  been  with  Air.  Pilkington  in  Uganda,  writing  to  the  London  Times,  says  : 
‘‘  In  Mr.  Pilkington’s  death  the  cause  of  civilization  in  Africa  has  received  a 
severe  blow,  and  England  has  lost  a devoted  servant.”  Further  news  from 
Uganda  is  awaited  with  much  anxiety. 

Some  very  vigorous  utterances  have  been  made  recently  by  Bishop  Tucker,  of 
the  English  Church  mission  in  Uganda,  bearing  upon  the  question  of  the  estab- 
Seif=support  in  Hshment  of  a native  church.  The  missionaries  of  the  Anglican 

Africa.  Church,  it  has  been  said,  have  carried  not  only  their  own  faith 
but  the  forms  and  methods  of  their  church  into  pagan  lands,  paying  compara- 
tively little  attention  to  the  customs  and  predilections  of  the  people  among 
whom  they  labored.  Whether  this  is  true  or  not  in  general,  it  certainly  is  not 
true  of  Bishop  Tucker,  who  expresses  himself  boldly  about  the  absurdity  of  at- 
tempting to  set  up  churches  after  the  Anglican  pattern.  He  declares  that  there 
should  be  a ‘‘much  larger  and  freer  use  of  the  ministry  of.  lay  men,  who  should 
be  admitted  into  various  forms  of  service  which  have  been  regarded  as  solely 
belonging  to  the  clergy.”  He  deprecates  the  use  of  European  money  and  urges 
most  strongly  the  necessity  of  realizing  “ the  sacredness  of  the  great  principle 
of  self-support.” 

One  of  the  first  reports  to  arrive  from  our  missionary  fields  in  response  to  the 
information  as  to  the  appropriations  made  by  the  Prudential  Committee  for 
How  it  Strikes  1 898  comes  from  Dr.  Clark,  of  Austria,  who  says  that  the  sugges- 
Them.  tjon  that  these  appropriations  cannot  be  larger  than  those  of  1897 
fairly  takes  away  his  breath.  “ May  God  have  mercy  upon  us  ! The  work 
doesn’t  break  men  down  half  as  rapidly  as  does  the  cutting  down  of  the 



A Negitxted  People  — the  Albaniaiis. 



In  the  southwestern  part  of  the  Balkan  peninsula  and  under  Turkish  rule  live 
nearly  one  and  one  half  millions  of  Albanians.  In  Greece  there  are  many  who 
still  speak  Albanian,  and  others  are  found  in  Italy  and  Sicily.  After  the  Turks 
overran  Albania  many  of  the-  people  found  it  to  their  temporal  advantage  to 
become  Moslems,  and  since  then  others  have  done  the  same.  Probably  three 
fifths  of  the  race  are  now  Mohammedans  so  far  as  they  have  any  religion.  The 

remainder  are  about  equally 
divided  between  the  Greek 
and  the  Roman  faiths. 

While  there  are  many 
dialects  and  clans,  all  may 
be  included  in  these  three  : 
the  Tosk,  or  southern,  the 
Gheg,  or  northern,  and  the 
Lehi,  or  northeastern.  The 
Tosks  are  the  most  pro- 
gressive and  mercurial. 
Those  not  Moslems  are 
connected  with  the  Greek 
Church,  but  that  church 
will  do  nothing  for  them 
except  through  the  Greek 
language,  and  unscrupu- 
lously  opposes  schools, 
books,  and  preaching  in  the 
home  language  of  the  peo- 
ple. That  church  wearies 
itself  in  trying  to  cram 
Greek  down  the  throats  of 
the  Tosks.  This  can  only 
end  in  disaster,  as  it  has 
done  with  the  Bulgarians 
of  Macedonia.  It  has  al- 
ready lost  them  the  friend- 
ship of  those  Tosks  who 
cherish  a national  spirit  and  long  for  the  enlightenment  and  elevation  of  the 
common  people  through  books  and  schools  in  the  vernacular. 

The  Gheg  Christians  belong  to  the  Roman  Catholic  Church,  and  many  of  them 
are  much  more  fanatical  than  are  their  Tosk  brethren.  Some  of  the  Gheg  Mos- 
lems, too,  are  very  strict  in  their  religion.  In  general,  however,  Albanians  are  indif- 
ferent to  the  claims  of  religion  and  slack  in  observing  its  rites  and  ceremonies. 
The  Roman  Catholic  missionaries  in  Scutari,  while  teaching  mainly  other  lan- 
guages, have  at  least  one  school  where  elemetary  instruction  is  given  in  Albanian, 



A Neglected  People  — the  A Ibanians. 


and  they  have  published  a few  religious  books.  The  Ghegs  do  not  seem  to  be 
so  desirous  of  education  as  are  the  Tosks.  The  Lehi,  mostly  Moslem,  are  the 
least  interesting.  I have  heard  of  no  school  nor  book  in  that  dialect.  There 
seems  to  be  little  national  spirit.  They  are,  however,  an  unruly  people  and  give 
the  government  much  trouble.  Their  turbulence  has  caused  many  Servian- 
speaking Christians  living  near  them  to  flee  to  other  parts. 

The  Albanians  are  the  most  warlike  of  all  the  races  in  Turkey.  It  is  com- 
monly conceded  that  they  make  its  bravest  soldiers,  though  because  of  possible 
loot  they  prefer  to  serve 
as  bashibazouks.  They 
put  little  value  on  human 
life.  There  is  a legend 
that  because  of  their 
fierceness  the  rulers  of 
the  infernal  regions  for 
a long  time  refused  to 
harbor  any  Albanians 
froni  this  world.  A monk, 

Duro,  bought  of  the 
pope’s  agent  permission 
for  them  to  enter  the 
lower  regions  and  re- 
moved from  his  -country- 
men the  disgrace  of  being 
too  violent  to  be  ad- 
mitted to  hell.  They 
are  restless  under  law, 
and  their  excessively  in- 
dependent spirit  shows 
itself  everywhere.  Each 
one  loves  his  own  way 
so  much  that  there  is 
little  hope  that  they  will 
unite  firmly  in  any  enter- 
prise that  requires  time 
and  patience.  They  are, 
however,  noted  for  their 
faithfulness,  and  conse-  a gheg  Albanian  lady. 

quently  are  sought  for 

watchmen,  cavasses,  etc.  They  count  cowardice  and  unfaithfulness  to  an  ac- 
cepted trust  a disgrace  — as  worse  than  death.  Brigandage  and  cattle-lifting 
are  very  common  and  are  not  regarded  as  disgraceful,  inasmuch  as  they  are  acts 
of  prowess.  These  Shqipetars,  for  that  is  what  Albanians  call  themselves,  are 
much  like  the  eagles,  shqiponye,  from  which  their  name  is  derived,  and  swoop 
down  on  their  prey  like  eagles.  Thieving  they  consider  despicable,  and  deceiv- 
ing one  who  trusts  them  is  low-lived.  They  are  a sturdy  race  of  mountaineers, 
rather  lighter  in  complexion  than  the  Greeks,  broad-chested  and  large-headed. 


A Neglected  People  — the  Albimians. 


They  have  a great  passion  for  carrying  arms  and  somewhat  of  a weakness  for 
ornament  and  fine  clothing.  In  mental  ability  they  are  at  least  the  peers  of  any 
race  in  Turkey.  Many  of  them  rise  to  places  of  distinction  in  the  Turkish  gov- 
ernment, and  others  become  successful  merchants.  The  few  that  have  become 
Protestants  are  of  marked  ability. 

Paul  preached  the  gospel  ‘‘  round  about  unto  Illyricum.”  Who  preached  it 
to  those  ancient  Albanians?  They  do  not  know.  Some  suppose  that  Christians 
fleeing  from  the  persecutions  of  the  earlier  Roman  emperors  settled  in  Albania 
and  planted  the  gospel  there.  The  Albanians  received  the  gospel  before  the 
Slavic  tribes  did.  Greece  has  Greek  saints,  Rome,  Roman  saints,  and  Servia, 
Servian  saints,  while  the  Bulgarians  boast  of  their  Slavic  apostles ; but  I have 
sought  in  vain  for  the  name  of  an  Albanian  saint,  reformer,  lawgiver,  or  philos- 
opher. If  you  ask  for  heroes,  you  find  a large  supply,  including  Alexander  the 
Great,  Pyrrhus,  and  Iskender  Bey. 

The  first  book  in  Albanian  was  published  near  the  close  of  the  sixteenth  cen- 
tury, a small  catechism.  Since  then,  at  long  intervals,  small  books  have  appeared, 
but  as  almost  no  one  could  read  them  they  made  but  little  impression.  If  the 
number  of  books  has  been  very  small,  the  number  of  different  alphabets  has  been 
large  enough  to  be  a real  curse.  About  fifteen  years  ago  an  alphabet  of  thirty- 
six  letters  was  adopted.  Since  then  there  has  been  some  literary  activity,  but  it 
has  had  many  difficulties  to  contend  with.  The  Greek  Church  fiercely  opposes 
all  schools,  books,  newspapers,  and  preaching  in  Albanian,  even  when  conducted 
by  orthodox  Greek  Christians.  The  Turkish  government,  too,  would  like  to  have 
Albanian  a dead  language,  and  so  frowns  down  on  all  publications  and  schools. 
Albanian,  however,  persists  in  being  almost  the  only  language  spoken  in  Albania. 

Schools  can  hardly  be  said  to  have  ever  existed  in  Albania,  except  in  languages 
foreign  to  the  people.  There  are  not  more  than  five  Albanian  schools  at  present, 
and  most  of  these  are  very  small  and  poor.  The  Protestant  school  for  girls  in 
Kortcha  is  doing  a good  work  for  Albanian  girls  and  is  flourishing.  Would  that 
there  was  a similar  school  for  boys. 

The  European  Turkey  Mission  began  work  in  a small  way  for  this  race  about 
seven  years  ago.  A preacher  was  sent  to  Kortcha,  and  he  found  quite  a number 
of  hearers.  Lack  of  funds  compelled  us  to  withdraw  him  for  a while,  but  he  is 
now  there  and  at  work  again.  The  colporters  of  the  British  and  Foreign  Bible 
Society,  good  Protestant  Albanians,  are  doing  a good  deal  as  colporters,  selling 
among  other  Scriptures  the  Albanian  New  Testament  and  six  books  of  the  Old. 
They  report  the  people  in  many  places  as  desirous  of  hearing  the  gospel  in  the 
tongue  in  which  they  were  born.  Many  Moslem  Albanians  are  desirous  of  hav- 
ing Albanian  schools.  They  say  there  is  no  hope  of  elevating  the  common 
people  except  by  schools  in  the  mother  tongue  of  the  children.  Some  of  these 
Moslems  are  very  favorably  inclined  to  our  work  and  even  press  us  to  enter  into 
it  more  fully.  Some  of  them  are  restive  under  Turkish  rule.  There  is  no  reason 
to  think  that  bad  as  is  the  state  of  the  country  at  present  it  would  improve  were 
the  revolutionary  schemes  of  some  to  be  realized  and  Albania  be  given  auton- 
omy. Albania  needs  peace,  schools,  and  above  all  the  gospel.  With  these  that 
fierce  race,  much  like  the  ancient  Saxons  and  Norsemen,  may  soon  become 
sturdy  Christians  and  a blessing  to  their  neighbors. 


A Quarter  Century  of  Missionary  Work  at  Van. 



In  1872  a mission  station  of  the  American  Board  was  opened  at  the  city  of 
Van,  on  the  eastern  shore  of  Lake  Van,  about  150  miles  southeast  from 
Erzroom.  The  twenty-fifth  anniversary  of  the  commencement  of  this  work  was 
celebrated  at  Van  on  Friday,  November  12,  and  on  the  subsequent  days.  It  was 
an  occasion  of  special  rejoicing  in  reviewing  God’s  mercies  during  these  years. 
The  audiences  were  not  as  large  as  they  would  have  been  had  it  not  been  for  a 
severe  snowstorm,  but  the  people  of  the  city  gathered  in  goodly  numbers. 


Among  those  present  was  noticed  a priest  from  a neighboring  Armenian  church. 
At  the  sendees  on  the  Sabbath,  November  14,  Dr.  Raynolds  gave  a history  of  the 
work  in  Van,  while  at  the  noon  service  Mr.  Allen  read  an  interesting  paper  on 
the  work  of  the  American  Board  in  Turkey,  its  objects  and  methods.  On  the 
next  day  the  pupils  of  the  two  schools,  including  the  inmates  of  the  orphanage, 
gathered  for  a memorial  service.  During  the  sessions  much  gratifying  and 
appreciative  testimony  was  given  to  the  beneficent  influence  of  the  missionary 
work,  and  gratitude  was  expressed  to  the  missionaries  and  to  the  American 
Board  and  its  patrons  in  America  for  their  efforts. 

During  the  twenty-five  years  five  missionary  families  and  five  single  ladies  have 
been  connected  with  the  station  ; 105  persons  have  been  admitted  to  the  church. 

g6  A Quarter  Century  of  Missionary  Work  at  Van.  [March, 

Of  the  fifteen  who  have  died,  Mrs.  Raynolds  reports  that  “ four  swell  heaven’s 
martyr  list,  and  died  nobly.” 

In  his  retrospect  of  the  twenty-five  years.  Dr.  Raynolds  speaks  of  the  diffi- 
culties that  have  been  connected  with  work  at  this  station.  The  Armenian 
national  feeling  has  always  been  stronger  in  Van  than  elsewhere,  and  anything 
considered  inimical  to  the  national  church  was  especially  resented.  Moreover, 
this  station  was  occupied  later  than  others,  and  after  the  suspicions  of  the  Turk- 
ish population  had  been  aroused  concerning  missionary  work,  and  hence  the 
opposition  has  been  felt  more  severely  here  than  in  other  places.  Yet  Dr.  Ray- 
nolds  dwells  upon  the  following  signs  of  progress  : — 

Twenty-five  years  ago  the  Bible,  especially  in  the  modern  tongue,  was  an 
almost  unknown  book.  During  these  years  more  than  i,ooo  copies  of  the  whole 
Bible,  upward  of  3,000  copies  of  the  New  Testament,  together  with  4,500  parts, 
have  been  introduced,  and  I feel  sure  that  before  the  massacre  considerably  more 
than  half  the  Armenian  houses  in  the  city  were  in  possession  of,  at  least,  a New 
Testament,  while  hardly  a village  could  be  found  without  a few  copies  of  the 
precious  book.  Many  of  these  were  lost  or  destroyed  during  those  days  of 
violence.  I am  sure  that  a large  portion  of  these  books  were  intelligently  and 
diligently  read,  and  in  many  instances  brought  a revelation  of  the  truth,  even 
without  the  living  preacher’s  influence.  Twenty-five  years  ago  the  doctrines  of 
the  new  birth  and  of  salvation  by  free  grace  alone  were  quite  unknown,  and  the 
prejudice  against  evangelical  preaching  was  simply  tremendous.  Personal  con- 
versations, the  Sabbath  preaching,  the  instruction  in  the  schools,  and  the  labors 
of  colporters,  evangelists,  and  Bible-women  have  effected  an  immense  change  in 
these  respects,  so  that  now  the  intellectual  understanding  of  these  vital  doctrines 
is  somewhat  general,  while  we  see  much  reason  to  believe  that  there  is  a con- 
siderable number  of  persons,  not  counted  as  Protestants,  who  have  passed  from 
death  unto  life.  That  the  strong  prejudice  formerly  existing  has  been  greatly 
weakened  is  attested  by  the  numbers  frequenting  our  Sabbath  services,  often 
reaching  500,  besides  the  children  of  the  orphanage.  It  is  attested  by  the 
respectful  demeanor  of  school  children  and  others,  which  has  taken  the  place 
of  the  calling  of  ^Prote,’  and  other  forms  of  abuse  which  formerly  greeted  us 
when  passing  through  the  streets.  It  is  shown,  also,  by  a perceptible  improve- 
ment in  general  morality,  especially  in  a reform  in  the  ilrinking  customs  of  the 
city,  and  the  decrease  in  profanity  and  impurity  in  ordinary  conversation.  It  is 
shown  by  a marked  elevation  of  the  position  of  the  female  sex.  It  has  been 
pleasantly  emphasized  this  week  by  a polite  letter  of  congratulation  sent  by  the 
head  of  the  Armenian  community,  in  his  own  behalf  and  that  of  his  people, 
anent  this  celebration.” 

In  the  paper  of  Rev.  Mr.  Allen  he  speaks  especially  of  the  educational  work, 
and  of  the  fact  tliat  other  educational  schemes  adopted  by  the  Armenians  had 
failed,  while  the  mission  schools  remained  and  prospered  as  never  before.  He 
says  of  them  : — 

^ Aside  from  the  fact  that  they  give  daily  instruction  to  more  than  500  pupils, 
they  are  also  serving  as  an  incentive  and  example  which  the  Gregorian  schools 
are  glad  to  follow.  A certain  national  pride  prevents  these  schools  from  imitating 
us  too  closely,  but  in  certain  essentials  the  drift  is  in  the  same  direction.  In  a 

1898.]  Sixth  Annual  Conference  of  Foreign  Missionarj/  Societies,  97 

word,  our  schools,  once  so  poorly  attended  and  so  despised,  are  second  to  none  in 
standing,  are  overflowing  with  pupils,  and  they  occupy  in  the  eyes  of  the  people 
the  highest  position  of  leadership  in  the  matter  of  a truly  Christian  education.” 

Of  his  associate.  Dr.  Raynolds,  Mr.  Allen  says  : One  of  the  most  noteworthy 

facts  connected  with  the  history  of  the  Van  station  is  the  peculiar  way  in  which 
Dr.  Raynolds  has  been  identified  with  it  from  the  beginning.  He  has  held  to 
his  post  through  all  weathers  and  all  changes.  He  has  been  called  to  witness 
war,  pestilence,  famine,  massacre,  and  to  pass  through  dangers  of  all  sorts.  Often 
at  most  trying  periods  he  has  been  absolutely  alone.  To  his  unswerving  loyalty 
and  indomitable  perseverance  must  be  attributed  the  fact  that  a missionary 
station  exists  here  to-day,  and  that  on  a basis  so  firm  and  enduring.” 

As  to  the  future  of  the  station  Mr.  Allen  says  : “Van’s  danger  and  misfortune 
under  all  circumstances  have  been  her  isolation  from  the  large  centres.  On  all 
sides  swarm  hordes  of  wild  Koordish  tribes  of  men.  The  remoter  districts  have 
been  for  years  at  their  mercy.  The  result  is  to-day  that  Christians  have  practi- 
cally abandoned  these  districts,  while  in  the  nearer  regions  and  the  city,  emigra- 
tion and  the  sword  have  decimated  the  population  in  fearful  proportions.  How 
long  will  this  steady  depopulation  and  impoverishment  go  on  ? A practical  extinc- 
tion of  the  Armenians  in  this  province  is  possible  as  in  no  other  part  of  the  empire. 
It  is  going  on  even  now  at  a rapid  pace,  and  nothing  is  being  done  to  prevent  it. 
The  very  life  of  our  work  depends  on  the  answer  to  the  above  question.  If 
this  process  continues  for  twenty-five  years,  it  is  difficult  to  imagine  how  a mis- 
sionary station  can  be  needed  here  beyond  that  time.  If,  however,  the  hand  of 
oppression  is  stayed,  there  is  much  to  be  hoped  for  and  a great  work  is  in 
prospect.  Beyond  political  difficulties,  I see  few  real  obstacles.  I believe  we 
shall  always  have  opposition  from  the  Gregorian  body.  Let  not  those  who  hear 
of  certain  concessions  imagine  that  Gregorianism  is  fast  crumbling,  and  that 
evangelicalism  will  soon  take  its  place.  The  body  is  strong,  old,  deep-rooted,  and 
will  exist  as  long  as  the  nation.  But  the  important  thing  is  that  the  real  evan- 
gelical movement,  which  has  already  begun,  is  the  spirit  which  the  Gregorian 
Church  cannot  and  will  not  resist,  and  which  will,  by  the  grace  of  God,  eventually 
bring  to  her  what  she  needs  — a new  life.” 

No  record  of  this  station  should  fail  to  make  allusion  to  the  relief  work  done 
at  Van  during  these  twenty-five  years.  The  famine  of  1879-80  called  forth  the 
energies  of  the  missionaries,  and,  in  connection  with  the  British  consul,  relief  to 
the  amount  of  $12,000  was  then  distributed.  In  the  same  connection,  during 
the  massacre  of  1895  subsequently,  no  less  than  ^168,000,  contributed  in 
Europe  and  America,  has  been  devoted  to  the  relief  of  the  sufferers.  The  indus- 
trial work  conducted  by  Dr.  Grace  Kimball  and  her  associates  forms  a part  of 
the  good  accomplished  at  this  station. 


The  Sixth  Annual  Conference  of  the  representatives  of  the  Foreign  Mission- 
ary Boards  of  the  United  States  and  Canada  was  held  in  the  Methodist  Build- 
ing, New  York,  on  January  11-13  last.  The  Conferences  which  have  been  held 

98  Sixth  Annual  Conference  of  Foreig7i  Missionary  Societies.  [March, 

during  the  past  few  years  have  been  of  more  than  ordinary  interest,  the  prime 
object  being  the  consideration  of  questions  of  administration  pertaining  to 
foreign  missions.  The  membership  of  the  body  is  confined  mainly  to  the 
executive  officers  and  committees  of  the  Mission  Boards,  though  foreign  mis- 
sionaries who  may  chance  to  be  in  the  country  and  can  attend  the  meetings 
are  cordially  welcomed  and  may  become  corresponding  members.  These  meet- 
ings should  not  become,  in  our  judgment,  popular  meetings,  but  rather  places 
where  the  officers  of  our  Boards  may  come  together  and  compare  notes  upon 
methods  of  operation.  It  is  certainly  no  place  for  legislation,  nor  could  such  a 
body  commit  any  of  the  Boards  to  any  course  of  action.  It  has,  therefore, 
been  deemed  wise  that  the  Conference  pass  as  few  resolutions  as  possible,  and 
do  as  little  legislative  work  as  possible. 

At  the  Conference  which  has  just  been  held  forty-six  members  were  present, 
representing  twenty-one  missionary  societies,  and  some  fifteen  corresponding 
members  were  invited  to  sit  in  the  assembly.  As  a result  of  this  and  previous 
meetings,  good  progress  has  been  made  toward  securing  a uniform  statistical 
blank,  from  which  the  facts  in  regard  to  foreign -missions  may  be  easily  gathered. 
The  question  of  self-support  has  been  carefully  considered,  and  papers  relating 
to  its  principles  and  methods  hare  been  sent  out  to  all  the  mission  fields,  with 
most  beneficent  results.  The  Student  Volunteer  Movement  has  been  the  sub- 
ject of  most  kindly  consideration,  and  all  the  departments  of  that  work  have 
been  reviewed  in  a friendly  and  sympathetic  way.  Questions  relating  to  comity 
and  to  unoccupied  fields  have  taken  much  of  the  time  of  the  Conference,  and 
while  no  rule  has  been  submitted  for  acceptance  by  all  the  Boards,  yet  the  ac- 
quaintance, one  with  another,  has  been  of  great  moral  influence  ; and  it  is 
hoped  in  the  near  future  that  the  forces  of  our  American  societies  may  be  more 
economically  distributed,  and  that  there  may  be  practical  advance  in  coopera- 
tion, especially  along  the  lines  of  higher  education. 

One  of  the  most  important  documents  presented  at  the  late  Conference  was 
in  regard  to  the  Ecumenical  Missionary  Conference  to  be  held  in  New  York  in 
1900.  The  committee  in  charge  have  received  most  cordial  responses  from 
nearly  all  the  Foreign  Mission  Societies  in  the  world,  and  it  is  expected  that 
this  Ecumenical  Conference,  lasting  for  ten  days,  will  be  one  of  the  most  im- 
portant assemblies  of  the  kind  ever  held.  All  friends  of  foreign  missions  may 
well  look  forward  with  prayerful  interest  to  this  great  gathering. 

“ The  Relations  of  the  Editors  of  Religious  Journals  to  Foreign  Missions’' 
was  the  subject  of  an  important  paper.  This  paper  was  read  by  an  editor  of 
one  of  our  prominent  journals,  in  which  he  took  the  ground  that  it  was  the 
editor’s  business  to  keep  in  close  touch  with  missions,  not  only  for  the  sake  of 
giving  proper  information  to  the  churches,  but  also  in  order  to  make  correct 
judgments  in  regard  to  significant  movements  among  the  nations  of  the  earth. 
‘‘The  Relation  of  Foreign  Missions  to  Young  People  ” was  discussed  by  one  of 
New  York’s  earnest  pastors  and  brought  forth  much  fruitful  thought. 

One  whole  session  was  given  to  questions  concerning  the  treasury,  dwelling 
chiefly  upon  the  methods  of  receiving  money  from  the  churches  and  transmit- 
ting the  same  to  the  missions.  Questions  also  were  raised  in  regard  to  exchange 
and  salaries  and  the  management  of  legacies.  These  officers,  thus  meeting 

1898.]  A Typical  Village  Church  in  the  Madura  Missio^t,  99 

together  and  comparing  notes,  receive  and  give  valuable  and  practical  informa- 
tion for  the  better  conduct  of  the  work  in  the  future. 

Another  Conference  was  in  session  during  these  same  days  in  the  Madison 
Avenue  Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  the  International  Conference  of  the 
Woman’s  Boards  of  Missions  for  the  United  States  and  Canada.  On  one  after- 
noon a joint  meeting  was  held,  and  four  papers  were  read  relative  to  woman’s 



On  Sunday,  November  21,  as  oft  before,  I went  to  worship  in  a particular 
mission  church,  and  while  there  it  came  over  me  that  this  service  was  in  every  way 
so  characteristic  of  the  people,  and  such  a good  illustration  of  the  fruit  of  missions, 
and  in  all  so  encouraging  and  instructive  that  it  might  well  repay  a somewhat 
detailed  description.  I shall  not  be  able  to  reproduce  the  beautiful  touches  of 
character  which  were  seen  at  every  point,  but  it  may  be  I can  aid  some  in  form- 
ing an  idea  of  what  it  is  like. 

The  building  was,  like  most  of  its  class,  built  with  plain  white  walls  and  a 
masonry  roof  supported  by  two  rows  of  pillars  which  divided  the  interior  into 
three  nearly  equal  strips  about  nine  feet  wide  and  thirty  to  forty  feet  long.  At 
the  upper  end  of  the  middle  one  was  the  pulpit,  on  a small  platform  of  brick 
work,  and  in  front  of  this  the  communion  table  with  its  motto,  Until  he  Lord 
come,”  in  the  vernacular,  as  indeed  was  all  connected  with  the  service. 

Down  each  side  wall  is  a row  of  windows!  small  and  without  glass,  but  capable 
of  being  closed  by  a couple  of  solid  wooden  blinds,  which  during  the  service 
stood  open  on  the  west  to  admit  the  small  amount  of  fresh  air  that  could  be 
allured  into  this  house  of  worship,  or  that  could  be  spared  by  the  hundreds  of 
poor  inmates  of  the  miserable  huts  that  crowd  close  up  to  the  sides  of  the  little 
church,  but  which  were  carefully  closed  on  the  east  to  keep  out  the  sun  which 
already,  at  half-past  eight,  was  beginning  to  blaze  forth  with  a warmth  that 
reminded  one  too  forcibly  of  the  all  but  unendurable  glare  of  noontide.  In  the 
corner  at  the  left  of  the  pulpit  a small  door  stood  open  through  which  came  at 
intervals  clouds  of  blue  smoke  laden  with  the  odors  of  some  poor  man’s  break- 
fast which  was  being  cooked  just  behind  a mud  wall  within  a few  feet  of  the 
church,  and  into  which  occasionally  peered  the  curious  eye  of  some  naked  little 

Looking  out  at  the  front  door  you  could  see  from  where  you  sat  the  constant 
passing  and  repassing  of  that  innumerable  throng  of  people  who  know  no  Sab- 
bath in  all  the  years  of  their  life,  but  day  after  day,  day  after  day,  go  up  and 
down  with  their  weariness,  seeing  only  those  things  that  perish  and  therefore 
seeking  naught  else. 

But  leaving  this  throng  for  the  moment,  let  us  turn  to  the  small  company  of 
about  eighty  souls  that  have  gathered  to  worship  God.  Between  the  two  rows  of 
pillars  in  the  middle  of  the  church  sits  the  important  part  of  the  congregation, 
that  is,  about  thirty  men,  in  chairs  which  have  been  secured  up  to  the  limit  of 
the  church’s  funds,  and  which,  by  a strange  coincidence,  are  in  number  just  what 

I(X)  A Typical  Village  Church  in  the  Madura  Mission.  [March, 

the  men  need  ; so  we  are  not  surprised  to  see  the  women,  about  equal  in  number, 
sitting  on  the  floor  between  the  row  of  pillars  to  the  right  of  the  men  and  the 
wall.  To  look  upon  this  little  company  of  some  sixty  or  so  is  no  wonderful 
thing,  but  fifty  years  ago  such  a company  could  not  be  gathered  for  any  purpose 
in  any  place  in  this  city.  I look  over  them  and  see  here  a converted  Brahman 
sitting  by,  and  singing  out  of  the  same  book  with,  a man  who  in  former  days 
would  have  been  severely  punished  had  he  dared  to  come  near  enough  to  his 
present  fellow-worshiper  to  pollute  the  air  which  the  latter  breathed. 

Just  under  the  edge  of  the  communion  table  sit  three  bright-faced  little  school- 
girls whose  heads  and  hearts  are  so  full  of  games  of  the  school  that,  in  spite  of 
a strong  desire  and  a sincere  effort  to  behave  well  in  church,  they  cannot  resist 
the  temptation  to  look  at  each  other  and  smile,  and  even  put  their  smoothly 
combed  heads  together  and  whisper  in  each  other’s  ear  some  message,  the  pur- 
port of  which  could  only  be  surmised  by  the  effect  which  it  produced.  And  I 
dare  say  that  through  all  that  hour  and  a quarter  of  effort,  amid  all  the  thoughts 
which  flashed  through  their  brains,  it  never  occurred  to  them  that  but  for  Christ 
all  the  joys  of  their  companionship  would  have  been  lost,  and  the  bright  play- 
world  in  which  they  lived  could  never  have  been  created.  For  they,  or  their 
families,  were  from  different  castes.  To  the  left  of  the  men  and  under  the  im- 
mediate supervision  of  the  dignified  teacher,  who  sat  in  an  end  chair  that  he 
might  be  near  his  boys  and  also  be  handy  to  pass  the  collection  bag,  sat  the 
school  children  in  an  attempt  at  rows,  — an  attempt  which,  whatever  may  have 
been  its  success  at  the  start,  soon  lost  itself  on  that  uneasy  little  whirlpool  of 
life.  More  than  once  had  the  teacher’s  hand  to  be  laid  on  the  head  of  a forget- 
ful boy,  and  occasionally  a little  parcel  of  humanity  was  lifted  by  a tiny  arm  and 
redeposited  in  its  own  appropriate  place. 

Up  in  the  corner,  in  the  place  of  honor,  with  no  air  to  breathe  and  no  window 
behind  them,  sat  the  four  pale-faced  worshipers  who  happened  to  be  there  that 
day.  To  them  were  allotted,  by  common  consent,  the  four  best  of  a half  dozen 
cane-seated  chairs  which  stand  in  a row  down  the  wall  on  the  right  of  the  pulpit. 

The  service  is  just  beginning  when  in  comes  the  deacon.  Deacon  Mighty- 
sword,  as  we  may  call  him,  in  a somewhat  free  translation  of  his  true  name.  He 
comes  in  and  with  due  solemnity  walks  up  to  the  two  remaining  seats  of  honor, 
one  of  which  he  moves  and  places  opposite  an  open  window,  and  then  after 
carefully  depositing  his  faultlessly  white  turban  on  the  floor,  he  bows  his  head  in 
prayer  and  then  settles  back  to  listen  to  the  preliminary  words  of  the  service 
which  the  pastor  is  now  uttering. 

I will  pass  by  the  pastor  with  two  remarks,  the  first  of  which  is  that  he  is  the 
pastor  indeed  of  his  people,  and  not  a figurehead  through  which  the  missionary 
works ; the  other  is  that  he,  whatever  he  is  for  good,  is  an  unadulterated  product 
of  the  gospel  as  he  has  received  it  through  his  mission,  which  has  no  more  loyal 
son  than  he. 

The  service,  with  the  exception  of  the  singing,  which  was  thoroughly  native 
and  therefore  indescribable,  but  also  thoroughly  congregational  in  its  character, 
was  much  like  an  ordinary  service  in  any  little  church  in  almost  any  American 
village.  One  difference  is,  possibly,  the  better  degree  of  attention  to  what  the 
preacher  said  perceptible  here,  a result  secured  in  part  by  the  fact  that  occa- 


Marathi  Mission. 


sionally  the  preacher  would  ask  a question  connected  with  his  sermon  and  pause 
until  an  answer  came  up  from  the  congregation. 

When  he  gave  out  his  text  he  repeated  it  twice  and  then  said  to  his  people, 
“ What  is  the  text  ? ” and  without  hesitation  came  the  answer  from  man,  woman, 
and  child,  ''  That  Rock  was  Christ.”  We  listened  to  the  close  and  felt  that  we 
had  heard  the  message  of  life  in  its  purity. 

There  was  one  face  not  in  its  accustomed  place  whose  absence  was  noticeable. 
It  was  the  serene  brown  face  of  a feeble  old  woman  who  usually  sits  near  the 
pulpit  on  the  floor,  without  a motion  or  any  appearance  of  interest  in  the  service. 
She  seems  as  one  who  had  outlived  her  interest  in  anything  in  this  world,  even 
in  worship.  This  apathy  led  the  pastor  to  ask  her  one  day,  What  are  you  do- 
ing all  the  time  while  you  are  in  church?  You  are  very  quiet.”  She  replies. 

Pastor,  I am  praying  for  my  son,  who  is  preaching  Jesus  to  this  people.”  I am 
not  at  all  surprised  to  hear  him  preach  good  sermons  since  he  told  me  this  little 
story,  with  his  heart  swelling  so  large  that  even  his  broad  chest  was  too  small  and 
a strange  moisture  was  forced  to  his  eyes. 

In  conclusion  there  are  four  things  which  can  be  said  of  this  little  church  : — 

First,  it  is  one  of  the  most  direct  fruits  of  mission  work  it  would  be  possible 
to  imagine. 

Second,  it  is,  so  far  as  its  spiritual  life  is  concerned,  much  more  self-supporting 
than  those  churches  in  many  lands  that  depend  upon  the  periodical  visitation  of 
an  evangelist  to  give  them  another  breath  of  the  air  of  heaven  and  pump  into 
them  enough  vitality  to  last  until  he  can  come  again. 

Third,  it  is,  so  far  as  financial  support  and  management  are  concerned,  an 
almost  wholly  native  church.  It  has  its  services,  Sunday-schools,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
prayer-meetings,  and  work  for  heathen,  and  all,  with  the  simple  exception  of  an 
occasional  word  of  advice  from  the  missionary,  under  its  own  supervision. 

Fourth,  and  best  of  all,  it  has  nothing  which  is  peculiar  to  itself,  but  shares 
every  one  of  its  characteristics  with  several  of  its  sister  churches,  and  is  unique? 
if  unique  at  all,  simply  in  the  combination  of  the  various  principles  the  working 
out  of  which  makes  it  what  it  is. 

ILftters  from  tl)e  IHissions. 

fHarathi  f^Usston. 


Dr.  R.  a.  Hume,  of  Ahmednagar, 
writes  of  extended  visits  paid  during  De- 
cember to  the  districts  connected  with  the 
station : — 

“ I am  having  an  excellent  tour  in  the 
out-districts.  It  is  always  a great  privi- 
lege to  be  able  to  go  about  in  the  villages 
encouraging  the  agents,  talking  personally 
to  Christians  and  imjuirers,  helping  the 
poor,  and  putting  things  in  order.  On 
account  of  hard  times  I am  going  about 

very  economically,  for  the  plague,  etc., 
makes  it  very  expensive  to  hire  tangas  now. 
So  I am  making  this  trip  mainly  in  a 
little  bullock  tanga  of  the  native  pastor. 
In  some  places  the  road  is  very  bad  and 
so  I should  have  to  walk  any  way. 

“ Leaving  Ahmednagar  on  Saturday 
afternoon,  I rode  a couple  of  miles,  and 
then  walked  to  Nepti  and  had  a good  talk 
with  the  people  and  teacher,  his  wife,  etc. 
The  people  here  are  very  worldly-minded, 
and  the  teacher  himself  is  not  spiritual. 
Started  on  foot  for  Nimbgaw,  and  had  the 


Marathi  Mission. 


Nepti  teacher  walk  along  and  tried  to  help 

“ The  Nimbgaw  teacher  is  a very  satis- 
factory man.  I had  a nice  visit  with  the 
people ; then  started  on  foot  for  Hingan- 
gaw,  four  miles  away,  which  place  I reached 
at  8.45  ; and  had  a good  talk  with  the 
people  from  10  to  10.45.  On  Sunday  had 
many  talks  with  agents  and  individual 
Christians.  Church  service  and  the  an- 
nual meeting  were  held,  with  a report  (if 
I remember  rightly)  that  seventeen  males 
and  thirty-five  females  had  joined  the 
church  during  the  year  on  profession  of 
faith.  The  net  gain,  after  departures  and 
deaths,  was  forty-nine  — from  thirty-nine 
to  eighty-eight — so  the  church  had  a 
good  deal  more  than  doubled  during  the 
year.  The  members  live  in  five  towns. 

“In  the  afternoon  I went  north  four 
miles  to  Karjune  and  had  service  there 
with  the  Christians  and  others.  The 
Christians  are  members  of  the  Hingangaw 
church.  Ten  adult  males,  sixteen  adult 
females,  and  thirteen  baptized  children 
are  Christians  there,  and  they  wish  to  be 
organized  into  a separate  church.  I said 
they  must  be  stronger  spiritually  and  in 
experience  and  numbers.  Back  to  Hin- 
gangaw at  seven.  In  the  evening  a serv- 
ice with  a houseful,  where  I preached 
from  Jer.  9 : 23,  24. 

“ Monday  morning  I saw  a well  dug  by 
some  Christians  ; it  was  a splendid,  big 
well,  and  very  fine  fields  all  about  it,  be- 
longing to  the  Christians.  But  the  people 
have  not  been  able  to  build  up  the  well, 
and  so  the  earth  is  falling  in.  They  have 
borrowed  money  to  dig  the  well  and  to 
support  themselves  during  the  famine,  but 
had  not  money  to  build. 

“ Went  five  miles  to  Ambli  Wadgaw. 
Examined  our  school  and  talked  to  the 
people.  Got  some  people  to  promise  to 
rebuild  a tumbled-down  house  of  a widow 
of  a Christian,  not  herself  a Christian. 
Thence  I went  three  miles  to  Daithane. 
First  tried  to  settle  a dispute  between 
some  Hindu  relatives,  and  then  examined 
the  school  and  also  a woman  who  was  a 
candidate  for  baptism.  The  pastor  bap- 
tized her.  I myself  baptized  a child  who 

was  born  out  of  doors  in  a storm,  when 
the  mother  was  working  on  relief  works. 
The  mother  then  vowed  that  if  she  and 
the  child  were  carried  safely  through  that 
great  difficulty  she  would  dedicate  herself 
and  her  child  to  God.  The  husband  and 
father  was  away  from  home  when  we 
came,  but  he  knew  I was  coming.  He 
had  forbidden  her  being  baptized,  but  said 
the  child  might  be  baptized  in  view  of  her 
vow.  She  said  she  was  a Christian  and 
wished  to  be  baptized,  but  thought  it  best 
to  wait  and  not  anger  her  husband. 


“ At  Jambgaw  I inspected  a well  which  I 
had  had  built  for  famine  relief  work, 
preached  to  a large  company  in  the  school- 
house,  and  afterwards  preached  in  the 
streets  of  the  town.  In  the  evening  I talked 
over  plans  for  work  with  the  pastor  and 
teachers.  On  this  tour  I brought  ninety 
cloths  for  women  and  ten  blankets  to  help 
the  poor.  I made  out  a list  (with  the  pas- 
tor) for  one  half  of  these  to  be  given  in  his 
district.  I went  to  sleep  as  usual  on  this 
tour  at  about  11.30.  On  Wednesday 
morning  came  the  examination  of  the 
school,  then  baptism  of  two  children  of 
the  teacher.  Several  Brahman  officials 
and  town  officers  and  a large  crowd  of 
Christians  and  others  were  present.  I 
preached  on  the  duties  of  parents  to  chil- 
dren, visited  Christian  homes,  then  in 
a cart  three  miles,  then  three  miles  on 
foot  to  Bhalawani.  This  town  is  almost 
deserted  now.  I held  a service  in  the 
‘ rest  house,’  then  walked  two  miles  with 
the  agent  of  that  place,  talking  about  his 
spiritual  life,  his  work,  and  the  coming 
day  of  prayer.  Went  three  miles  in  a 
cart  to  Dhawalpuri,  and  had  conference 
with  preacher,  teacher,  and  Christians  of 
that  place.  Examined  the  school.  In  the 
evening  came  the  church  meeting.  The 
father  and  mother  of  two  young  Christian 
men  and  the  wife  of  one  Christian  were 
baptized  and  received  into  church  fellow- 
ship. During  the  year  six  adults  have 
been  received  into  that  church  on  profes- 
sion of  faith.  Number  on  the  rolls  Janu- 


Foochow  Mission. 

ary  i was  twenty-seven ; on  December  8 
the  number  was  thirty-six. 

“ In  the  morning  I had  a visit  from  the 
principal  men  of  the  town,  asking  me  to 
get  some  relief  work  opened.  No  town 
which  I have  visited  appears  so  badly  off. 
No  crops  to  speak  of,  even  this  year,  after 
last  year’s  famine.  It  is  a hereditary  vil- 
lage of  a native  prince,  who  has  not  helped 
them  in  any  kind  of  relief.  Even  now 
over  two  thirds  of  the  people  are  absent, 
because  they  have  no  means  of  support  at 
home.  In  the  low-caste  only  three 

farmers  have  any  cattle  left  for  farming ; 
namely,  one  Hindu  has  one  ox,  another 
has  two  oxen,  a Christian  has  three  oxen 
and  a cow ; apparently  only  on^  milch 
animal  giving  milk  in  the  town.  I had  to 
use  malted  milk,  which  I had  brought  with 

“ After  this  I went  ten  miles  over  very 
rough  roads,  walking  most  of  the  way  to 
Takli,  where  there  is  a government  bunga- 
low available  for  travelers,  in  charge  of  a 
Christian.  The  mission  school  is  taught 
by  a very  capable  Christian  woman.  She 
and  a Christian  teacher  at  Hang6  are 
the  only  female  teachers  in  the  county 
of  Parner.  After  examining  the  school 
I went  in  the  cart  over  a fine  road  three 
and  one  half  miles  to  Wasunde,  and  held 
service  in  front  of  rest  house,  and  had 
prayers  in  the  preacher’s  house.” 

After  reporting  visits  at  other  places, 
ministering  relief  to  some  who  were  sick. 
Dr.  Hume  speaks  of  his  arrival  at  Hang6, 
where  a church  was  to  be  organized : — 

“I  was  met  by  a band,  who  escorted 
me  to  the  place  of  meeting,  which  was 
elaborately  trimmed.  The  council  met, 
with  delegates  from  six  churches.  The 
church  was  organized  with  fourteen  males 
and  thirteen  females  from  three  towns. 
Every  one  promised  at  least  one  pice  every 
week  for  the  church.  Afterwards  came 
a Christian  wedding,  the  first  which  had 
ever  been  celebrated  in  that  town.  The 
school  is  supported  by  the  ‘ Opportunity 
Club  ’ of  the  South  Church,  Springfield, 
Mass.  After  conference  with  agents,  etc., 
I went  twenty-one  miles  in  Mr.  Bissell’s 
tanga,  which  had  brought  two  delegates 


to  the  council,  back  to  Ahmednagar, 
reaching  home  at  9.45  p.m.” 

Dr.  Hume  reports  also  the  special  serv- 
ices held  in  Ahmednagar  on  December  12, 
which  was . a day  appointed  for  special 
prayer  “ for  the  aw^akening  of  India.” 
Neighborhood  meetings  were  held  in  the 
city  in  nine  places,  besides  united  prayer- 
meetings  in  the  First  and  Second  churches. 
On  that  Sunday  and  the  following  day  no 
less  than  twenty-one  persons  were  exam- 
ined and  accepted  for  church  membership. 
No  wonder  that  Dr.  Hume  closes  his 
report  by  saying  that  he  is  much  encour- 

JFoodjoiu  fflission. 


Mr.  Beard  sends  a full  account  of  the 
remarkable  annual  meeting  of  Christians 
in  Foochow : — 

“ The  pastors,  evangelists,  teachers, 
church  members,  and  missionaries  of  the 
American  Board  Mission  here  have  again 
met  in  their  annual  meeting.  There  was 
one  glad  note  of  rejoicing  and  thanksgiv- 
ing from  9.30  A.M.,  November  9,  to  5 p.m., 
November  16.  From  Shao-wu,  250  miles 
in  the  interior,  to  Sharp  Peak,  on  the  sea, 
came  tidings  of  large  numbers  joining  the 
church  and  of  larger  numbers  glad  to  listen 
to  the  gospel.  Man  after  man  told  of  vil- 
lages near  his  centre  of  work  that  were 
calling  for  Christian  teachers  and  preachers . 
Each  closed  with  the  same  thought,  ‘ Alas ! 
the  harvest  is  plenteous,  but  the  laborers 
are  few.  There  is  no  one  to  send.’  In- 
stead of  completing  this  part  of  the  pro- 
gram, we  spent  the  last  moments  in  prayer 
that  the  Lord  would  send  forth  men  to 
reap  this  harvest.  It  is  a significant  fact, 
and  one  which  all  friends  of  missions  in 
America  will  note  with  pleasure,  that 
these  Chinese  brethren,  as  they  talked  of 
pushing  out  into  the  ‘ regions  beyond,’ 
emphatically  advised  that  no  new  work  be 
begun  in  any  village  until  the  people  in 
that  village  agreed  to  bear  a part  of  the 

“For  the  morning  sessions  the  men  and 
women  met  in  separate  churches  to  discuss 


Foochow  Mission. 


topics  vitally  connected  with  their  respec- 
tive work.  For  the  afternoon  sessions  no 
church  was  large  enough  to  admit  the 
numbers  who  wished  to  attend.  We  were 
obliged  to  go  to  our  heathen  neighbors 
and  ask  them  for  a temple  in  which  to 
meet.  Just  opposite  our  Geu  Cio  Dong 
church  is  a large  Guild  Hall  not  yet  com- 
pleted. The  roof  was  finished  two  days 
before  our  meeting  began  and  the  idol  has 
not  been  made.  The  stand  for  theatres  is 
completed,  and  it  was  just  what  we  warited 
for  a speaker’s  platform.  It  seemed  that 
God  had  left  this  hall  in  this  stage  of  com- 
pletion expressly  for  our  use  at  this  time. 
The  man  who  has  control  of  it  has  been 
visited  several  times  by  one  of  our  workers 
and  is  on  good  terms  with  him.  The  basis 
of  this  friendship  is  a monthly  magazine. 
The  Review  of  the  Times,  published  by  a 
few  of  the  most  prominent  missionaries 
and  Christian  Chinese  in  the  empire.  The 
influence  of  this  magazine  led  him  to  read 
other  Christian  books,  and  by  the  time  we 
wished  to  rent  the  hall  this  literature  had 
prepared  his  heart  to  yield  to  our  wishes 
and  allow  the  church  of  the  living  God 
to  meet  for  worship  in  the  home  of  a dead 
idol.  The  fact  that  this  temple,  owned 
by  idol  worshipers,  can  be  rented  by  the 
thurch  of  Christ  and  used  for  the  worship 
of  God  by  those  who  denounce  idolatry, 
and  the  fact  that  the  owners  of  the  temple 
themselves  were  in  attendance  and  listened 
attentively  at  every  session  of  the  meeting 
held  in  the  temple,  is  evidence  of  the  in- 
roads that  fifty-one  years  of  preaching  the 
gospel  of  Christian  liberty  has  made  in 
the  strongholds  of  idolatry  and  supersti- 
tion in  Foochow. 

A woman’s  meeting. 

“Three  sessions  held  in  this  place  are 
deserving  of  special  mention.  A unique 
feature  of  this  year’s  program  was  the 
woman’s  session,  on  Thursday  afternoon. 
This  was  a union  meeting  of  men  and 
women,  but  it  was  presided  over  by  women, 
and  the  speakers  were  women  with  few  ex- 
ceptions. No  session  of  the  annual  meet- 
ing has  been  better  attended,  and  none  sur- 
passed it  in  interest.  This  no  doubt  sounds 

quite  tame  in  America.  But  you  must  re- 
member the  position  of  woman  in  China ; 
you  must  remember  that  in  the  native  mind 
no  respectable  woman  could  place  her  foot 
on  this  platform  from  which  these  Chris- 
tian women  spoke  ; and  you  must  remem- 
ber that  they  were  speaking  to  men  and 
women,  their  neighbors,  some  of  whom 
were  not  Christians,  and  some  of  whom 
knew  so  little  about  Christianity  that  they 
would  be  unable  to  explain  clearly  the  dif- 
ference between  this  service  and  a native 
theatrical  exhibition.  The  two  women 
who  presided  were  Mrs.  Hubbard,  and 
Mrs.  Ding,  wife  of  our  oldest  pastor.  You 
will  be  interested  in  a sentence  or  two 
from  Mrs.  Ding’s  prayer  that  afternoon  : 

‘ Heavenly  Father,  we  women  are  not  as 
highly  esteemed  as  the  men,  but  thou 
knowest  that  our  responsibilities  are 
greater.  Have  mercy  upon  us.  Help  us 
to  remember  that  a woman  was  first  at  the 
sepulchre  of  our  Lord,  that  Jesus  always 
honored  women;  and  may  these  thoughts 
aid  us  to  do  our  whole  duty  in  our  home 
and  toward  our  neighbors.’ 

“ The  question  arose  as  to  the  propriety 
of  holding  the  communion  service  in  this 
hall.  The  pastors  settled  it  by  saying  it 
was  undebatable.  We  could  not  all  get 
into  any  church  or  any  three  churches. 
The  service  would  of  necessity  be  held  in 
the  temple.  But  God’s  Holy  Spirit  dwells 
not  in  temples  made  with  hands.  He 
seeks  temples  of  God’s  handiwork  — 
human  hearts.  He  found  them  that  Sun- 
day morning  in  that  idol  temple.  The 
solemnity  of  the  occasion  was  full  of  re- 
joicing. Pastor  Ling,  of  Geu  Cio  Dong, 
opened  the  service  by  calling  upon  all  to 
rejoice  over  the  victories  of  Christianity 
during  the  year,  and  over  God’s  goodness 
to  each  individually.  Two  other  pastors 
followed,  pointing  the  people  to  God  as 
their  only  hope  and  cause  for  rejoicing. 
Then  a few  words  on  the  significance  of 
the  sacrament,  a brief  prayer  of  thanks- 
giving, and  hundreds  with  bowed  heads 
lifted  their  hearts  to  Him  who  looks  not 
on  the  outward  surroundings  but  into  the 
heart,  as  in  loving  remembrance  of  the 
Saviour’s  death  and  resurrection  they  par- 


Foochow  Mission. 


took  of  the  emblems  of  his  broken  body 
and  of  his  blood  shed  for  them. 


“The  Sunday  afternoon  service  was  in 
some  respects  the  most  remarkable  of  the 
whole  meeting.  For  thirty-six  hours  a 
few  of  the  most  earnest  workers  had  been 
planning  for  an  evangelistic  service  in  which 
the  one  object  was  to  be  the  winning  of 
souls  to  Christ.  There  had  been  much 
earnest  prayer.  Seven  men  from  different 
walks  in  life  had  been  asked  to  speak  for 
five  or  ten  minutes  each.  The  first  spoke 
on  ‘ What  is  an  idol?  ’ the  next,  ‘ Who  is 
God?’  then,  ‘We  should  worship  God;’ 
then,  ‘ What  kind  of  a man  is  he  who 
worships  neither  idols  nor  God?’  then, 
the  ‘ Benefits  of  serving  God.’  Others 
spoke  of  idol  worship  as  waning,  and  the 
last  man  appealed  to  all  to  ‘ repent  and 
believe  Jesus.’  The  sin  as  well  as  the 
folly  of  worshiping  idols  was  never  more 
clearly  laid  before  men.  But  it  was  done 
in  the  spirit  that  is  born  of  prayer  and  the 
longing  to  save  the  souls  of  perishing 

“While  a hymn  was  sung  those  who 
could  not  remain  were  asked  to  quietly 
withdraw.  Very  few  left  the  place.  The 
Christians  were  asked  to  tell  in  a sentence 
why  they  believed  Christ.  From  all  parts 
of  the  temple  came  the  answers  : ‘ Because 
he  has  taken  away  my  sins.’  ‘ Because 
he  gives  me  everlasting  life.’  ‘ Because 
he  died  for  me.’  ‘ Because  I want  to  go 
to  heaven,’  etc.  Then  those  Christians 
who  had  any  sorrow  or  who  wished  to 
become  more  earnest  in  Christ’s  service 
were  asked  to  rise.  Prayer  was  offered  for 
them.  Then  those  who  had  friends  at 
home  who  were  not  Christ’s,  and  those 
who  in  accordance  with  the  request  at  the 
morning  service  had  brought  unconverted 
friends  with  them,  were  asked  to  indi- 
cate it. 

“It  was  touching  to  hear  parents  plead 
with  us  to  pray  for  sons  and  daughters. 
Children  pleaded  that  prayers  might  be 
offered  for  parents,  and  brothers  spoke  of 
brothers,  and  sisters  of  sisters,  out  of 
Christ.  Fervent  were  the  prayers  offered 

to  the  Father  for  these  relatives.  Lastly, 
those  who  wanted  to  leave  the  old  life  and 
accept  Christ  were  asked  to  rise.  As  we 
waited  with  bowed  heads  God  remembered 
the  petitions  that  had  ascended  to  him,  and 
one  after  another,  first  among  the  men 
and  boys,  then  among  the  women  and 
girls,  arose  till  over  fifty  were  on  their  feet 
signifying  their  desire  to  be  counted  among 
God’s  children.  Workers  had  been  sta- 
tioned in  all  parts  of  the  audience,  and 
after  a stanza  of  a hymn  and  a brief  prayer 
those  who  had  risen  were  invited  to  meet 
with  a few  of  the  leaders  so  that  we  might 
become  acquainted  and  be  able  to  help 

“ I shall  never  forget  this  inquiry  meet- 
ing. We  were  in  the  home  of  an  idol. 
Pressing  on  us  from  all  sides,  so  that 
we  had  to  brace  ourselves  to  stand  against 
them,  were  idolaters  from  all  ranks  of 
life  curious  to  see  what  this  new  thing 
was  like.  There,  under  the  inquisitive 
gaze  of  friends  and  neighbors,  ten  men 
gave  us  their  names  as  desirous  to  know 
and  serve  Jesus.  Twice  as  many  more 
had  already  begun  to  learn  the  Way  of 
Life,  and  their  names  had  been  written  at 
some  chapel  as  learners,  but  they  wanted 
the  prayers  of  Christians  to  help  them. 
The  same  words  will  describe  the  scene 
among  the  women. 


“ This  annual  meeting  will  long  be 
remembered  for  three  advanced  steps 
which  were  taken  with  deliberation  and 
prayer : — 

“ (i)  Rules  were  adopted  which  were  in- 
tended to  place  marriage  in  practically  the 
same  relation  to  the  Church  that  it  holds 
in  America.  These  rules  are  in  advance 
of  the  practice,  and  form  an  ideal  toward 
which  the  Church  is  to  advance.  (2)  The 
native  women  have  themselves  formed  a 
class  for  the  training  of  Christian  workers. 
This  class  is  at  work.  There  is  no  foreign 
lady  to  help  in  the  least,  but  the  native 
women  themselves  undertake  the  task. 
(This  is  not  a cause  for  congratulation  for 
the  person  in  the  homeland  who  should 
be  here  to  help  these  women,  nor  for  the 


Japan  Mission. 


people  who  have  the  money  to  send  the 
one  to  help.)  The  students  are  to  study 
half  the  day  and  go  with  more  experienced 
workers  to  do  personal  work  the  other 
half  of  the  day.  (3)  A men’s  missionary 
society  has  been  organized.  This  was 
done,  not  by  the  pastors  and  preachers 
alone,  but  by  the  whole  church.  Business 
men  are  among  the  officers.  These  con- 
sist of  a president,  three  vice-presidents, 
a secretary,  treasurer,  and  a prudential 
committee  of  eight.  Every  church  and 
chapel  is  to  be  enlisted  in  the  work.  Be- 
fore the  officers  left  for  their  homes,  after 
the  annual  meeting,  arrangements  had 
been  made  to  begin  operations  at  once. 
Every  office  is  held  by  the  Chinese,  and 
the  work  will  be  done  by  the  Chinese 
themselves.  The  foundation  of  this  society 
was  cemented  with  prayer.  Every  step 
was  taken  with  deliberation  and  with  the 
unanimous  consent  of  all.  The  pastors 
and  preachers  said : ‘ We  must  depend 
on  the  laymen  for  the  success  of  this 
society.’  It  must  be  successful.  We 
want  the  brothers  and  sisters  in  Amer- 
ica to  join  with  us  in  praying  for  this 

“The  meeting  in  this  heathen  temple 
has  been  a glorious  victory  for  the  cause 
of  Christ  in  Foochow.  But  it  all  depended 
on  the  willingness  of  our  heathen  neigh- 
bors to  allow  us  the  use  of  their  temple. 
We  are  asking,  ‘ Will  they  ever  do  it  again  ? ’ 
We  are  also  asking,  ‘ Is  it  the  will  of  the 
Christians  in  America,  who  own  this  work 
in  Foochow  and  whose  agents  we  are, 
that  we  should  be  dependent  on  the 
worshipers  of  idols  for  a place  in  which 
to  meet  to  worship  God?’  Hundreds  of 
people  have  left  the  doors  of  our  largest 
church  during  the  past  twelve  months 
because  they  could  not  find  standing  room 
within  sound  of  the  preacher’s  voice. 
The  members  of  this  church  are  providing 
all  the  expenses  of  worship.  They  can- 
not build  the  church.  Shall  we  help 
them,  or  shall  we  continue  to  shut  the 
doors  jof  an  overcrowded  church  in  the 
faces  of  hundreds  who  want  to  hear  the 
gospel  which  you  have  sent  us  here  to 
preach  ? ” 

Sapan  iHtssion. 


Dr.  Deforest,  of  Sendai,  writes  in 
much  good  cheer: — 

“I  have  just  returned  from  what  I 
regard,  without  exaggeration,  as  the  best 
tour  I have  ever  made  in  Japan.  I was 
out  nearly  three  weeks  and  spoke  seven- 
teen times,  not  to  large  audiences,  but  to 
the  most  intelligent  I have  addressed  since 
I came  back.  I spoke  in  three  new  places, 
two  being  in  villages  where  no  foreigner 
had  ever  been  seen.  One  temple  was  put 
at  our  disposal,  and  on  my  saying  I should 
have  to  go  carefully  in  my  address,  I was 
emphatically  told  that  I could  say  any- 
thing I wished  to,  and  that  it  was  expected 
that  I would  speak  on  Christianity  The 
priest  sat  behind  the  screen,  and  we  spoke 
of  the  wide  power  of  the  teaching  of 
Christ  and  its  absolute  need  to  perfect 
the  work  that  other  religions  could  only 

“The  question  of  ‘mixed  residence’ 
has  been  considerably  discussed  during 
the  year  by  the  press,  and  without  a doubt 
it  is  calling  attention  to  the  incoming  of 
Christianity.  But  the  discussions  are 
often  so  imperfect  and  one-sided  that  it 
occurred  to  me  to  try  the  subject  on  a 
young  men’s  society  where  I was  invited 
to  speak.  What  they  needed  was  to  see 
it  in  the  light  of  international  law  instead 
of  merely  national  ideas.  And  as  this 
led  easily  to  the  great  blessings  Chris- 
tianity has  been  to  our  whole  Western  civ- 
ilization, I had  a fine  chance  to  deliver  an 
apology  for  Christianity.  It  took  so  well 
that  I was  asked  to  repeat  it  three  times 
and  then  to  publish  it  for  distribution. 
To  show  the  vital  relation  of  modern 
political  and  industrial  questions  to  Chris- 
tianity is  the  most  taking  method  with  a 
popular  audience.  One  may,  if  sympa- 
thetic, say  very  strong  things  about  the 
moral  condition  of  Japan,  and  get  no 
interruption,  but  a simple  denunciation 
of  evils  will  stir  an  audience  to  shout, 
‘ No ! no ! ’ It  was  a new  sign  to  see  a 
city  councillor,  heads  of  villages,  leading 
physicians,  school-teachers,  officials,  stu- 


Japa7i  Mission. 


dents,  etc.,  in  my  audiences  ; and  I never 
enjoyed  personal  talks  more.  Some  of 
them  lasted  four  hours.  One  young  man 
of  thirty,  whom  I met  six  months  ago, 
had  told  me  it  was  impossible  to  believe 
in  the  existence  of  God.  He  was  bap- 
tized this  time.  Another,  who  had  studied 
law  in  Tokyo,  had  said  indifferently,  ‘ Oh, 
Christianity  is  pretty  good  in  its  moral 
teachings,  but  such  superstitions  as  belief 
in  God  and  in  a future  life  had  better  be  left 
out ! ’ He  opened  his  house  to  a preach- 
ing service  and  got  over  fifty  of  the  lead- 
ing people  to  hear  us,  and  has  just  joined 
the  Christians  in  a request  for  an  evan- 

“I  might  go  on,  but  this  is  enough  to 
give  you  a glimpse  of  the  good  time  I 
had.  A number  of  Christians  escorted 
me  a mile  out  of  the  city,  and  two  pastors 
went  on  foot  seven  miles  with  me.  When 
I rallied  them  for  this  exceptional  rever- 
ence for  me,  and  asked  why  they  had  n’t 
done  it  in  former  times,  they  laughingly 
said,  ‘ You  never  did  so  well  before.’ 
Doubtless  there  is  truth  in  that.  I felt 
very  uncertain  in  my  Japanese  last  year, 
and  moreover  I was  unable  to  grasp  the 
real  situation  of  things  so  as  to  know  just 
what  to  say.  This  year  has  been  quite  an 
advance  for  me  in  this  respect.” 


Mr.  Rowland,  of  Sapporo,  reports  a 
visit  to  Nemuro,  from  which  place  he 
writes  both  concerning  that  city  and  the 
Kurile  Islands,  which  are  near : — 

“ If  you  look  at  your  atlas,  you  will  see 
that  Nemuro  is  on  the  eastern  extremity 
of  Hokkaido.  Kunashiri,  the  first  of  the 
Kurile  Islands,  is  in  plain  sight  on  a clear 
day,  and  the  last  of  the  Kuriles  is  as  near 
to  Russian  Siberia.  The  Kurile  race  is 
peculiar.  It  probably  has  an  admixture 
of  Russian  blood,  as  the  St.  Regis  Indians 
near  my  old  home  are  really  part  French. 
The  Kuriles  are  now,  of  course,  in  the 
hands  of  the  Japanese;  and  the  original 
Kurile  race  are  few  in  number.  They 
dress  in  European  style  in  part,  but  are 
said  to  be  intellectually  inferior.  Some 

of  the  children  were  once  put  into  school 
here  in  Nemuro,  but  were  considered  dull 
and  sent  back.  They  speak  the  Russian 
tongue,  says  my  informant,  and  had  an 
interpreter.  That  Russian  tongue  may 
not  be  a pure  Russian. 

“ Nemuro  is  a bleak,  cold  place  with 
only  three  months,  July-September,  in 
the  year  when  it  does  not  snow.  The 
government  opened  an  experimental  farm 
here  some  years  ago,  cleared  a large  tract 
of  land,  put  up  fine  buildings  such  as 
would  grace  a New  England  farm,  and 
which  are  still  kept  up  and  in  repair ; but 
it  was  a fruitless  experiment.  It  is  too 
cold  for  wheat  and  corn,  and  oats  do  only 
fairly  well.  Besides  the  cold  there  is  only 
a little  land,  anyway,  as  it  is  a narrow 
neck  of  land.  But  the  fishing  industry 
has  hitherto  been  a great  success.  Fabu- 
lous takes  of  salmon  have  been  the  rule 
in  past  years.  The  character  of  the  town 
then  you  can  imagine,  new,  hustling,  ven- 
turous, and  not  over-scrupulous.  Before 
this  island  had  a central  government  in 
Sapporo  there  were  three  prefectures 
(Ken),  like  the  other  parts  of  Japan ; and 
Nemuro  was  the  seat  of  one  of  the  pre- 
fectures. The  fine  Capitol  building  was 
lately  burned. 

“ This  is  my  first  visit  to  the  place  and 
it  may  be  my  last.  For  the  past  four 
years  and  more  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Sugiura 
have  worked  here  faithfully.  He  is  a man 
forty-six  years  old,  of  tried  experience 
and  a strong  faith.  His  wife  is  an  es- 
pecially well-trained  kindergartner.  She 
was  for  some  years  Miss  Howe’s  right 
hand  in  her  Kobe  work.  She  is  not  a 
strong  woman,  and  has  overworked,  and 
altogether  the  doctors  have  advised  that 
it  would  be  hazardous  for  her  to  spend 
another  winter  here.  As  they  must  leave, 
the  question  arose  whether  or  not  we 
should  turn  the  field  over  to  the  Baptists 
and  Episcopalians  who  are  working  here. 
It  was  to  settle  this  question  chiefly  that 
I came  here  and  we  decided  to  withdraw'. 
Mr.  Sugiura  and  I have  done  the  best  we 
could  to  make  the  few  believers  contented 
in  going  to  the  Baptists,  but  it  was  rather 
painful  business.” 


West  Central  African  Mission. 


ffl^cntral  ‘African  ilHissian. 


Mr.  Stover,  on  his  return  to  Bailundu, 
writes  of  some  things  which  are  gratifying, 
while  there  are  yet  some  things  not  so 
cheering.  One  of  the  sources  of  weak- 
ness which  he  finds  is  the  regular  attend- 
ance at  the  station  of  many  who  do  not 
profess  to  be  Christians,  but,  being  re- 
garded by  the  people  as  Christians,  are 
bringing  discredit  upon  the  church.  Mr. 
Stover  writes : — 

“As  to  the  church  members  themselves, 
they  seem  to  be  in  substantially  the  con- 
dition that  we  found  widely  prevalent  in 
the  churches  in  America,  too  deeply  en- 
grossed with  the  affairs  of  this  world  to 
give  much  time  or  thought  to  the  things 
that  are  above.  In  their  state  of  mind, 
however,  I see  greater  signs  of  improve- 
ment. I am  hopeful  that  we  shall  see  a 
revival  of  spiritual  life  soon;  and  yet  I 
sometimes  ask,  how  can  we  hope  that 
these  crude,  untutored  spirits,  just  out  of 
heathenism,  shall  rise  above  the  level  of 
the  home  churches  in  spiritual  power? 
The  weakness  of  the  church  at  home 
seems  to  me  to  be  due  to  the  same  cause 
as  that  which  saps  the  strength  here ; 
namely,  worldliness.  It  assumes  a grosser 
form  here,  but  the  spirit  is  the  same.” 


Two  of  the  Christian  young  men,  who 
are  married,  one  of  them  having  lived  a 
long  time  at  Chisamba,  have  planned, 
according  to  the  custom  of  the  country,  to 
start  a new  village  near  their  old  home. 
Of  these  young  men  and  their  plans  Mr. 
Fay  writes  from  Bailundu,  November 
29:  — 

“ Last  month  I went  on  a tour,  or, 
rather,  went  to  visit  Ngulu  and  Katito, 
who  are  building  about  two  days  away 
from  here,  near  where  their  relatives  live. 
When  Ngulu  left  Chisamba  they  con- 
ceived the  plan  of  building  near  their 
relatives,  with  the  purpose  of  teaching 
thern.  We  recognized  this  as  a proper 
step,  if  the  lads  were  strong  enough  to 
stand  against  the  temptations  that  will 
assail  them.  Whether  they  will  be  able 

to  do  any  good  there  remains  to  be  seen. 
We  hope  to  visit  them  as  often  as  we  can, 
to  try  and  guide  them  rightly. 

“ They  are  planning  to  build  a village 
apart  from  the  native  villages.  In  their 
village  they  will  allow  any  of  their  young 
relatives  to  live  who  wish  to  do  so.  Be- 
sides their  own  dwelling-houses,  they  will 
later  build  a schoolhouse,  upon  which  we 
will  probably  build  a room  in  which  we 
can  live  while  visiting  them.  They  plan 
to  keep  a day  school  as  regularly  as  they 
can,  with  preaching  services  on  Sunday 
and  evening  meetings  during  the  week. 

“ The  district  is  quite  a large  one,  and 
if  we  could  get  a good  school  started 
there,  and  the  work  be  of  a good  charac- 
ter, it  would  be  capable  of  a good  deal  of 
growth.  I was  there  only  three  days, 
being  called  back  because  of  a sick  Portu- 
guese, but  during  that  time  we  held  about 
ten  services,  besides  some  private  talks. 
1 had  hoped  to  cover  much  more  ground 
than  I did  before  returning,  but  the  call 
home  seemed  imperative,  so  I started, 
reaching  home  the  same  day,  having  made 
about  thirty-seven  to  forty  miles.” 


The  matter  of  the  possible  removal  of 
the  mission  headquarters  at  Kamundongo 
to  some  spot  which  might  be  more  favor- 
able for  reaching  the  people  has  been 
under  discussion  of  late,  and  Mr.  San- 
ders writes  of  some  explorations  he  has 
made  with  this  thought  in  view : — 

“ I have  just  taken  the  Sambu  trip. 
Going  in  a direction  nearly  southwest  (1 
judged  by  the  sun),  we  came,  after  about 
twenty  hours’  travel,  to  the  chief  village 
of  Moma.  Twelve  hours  further  we  found 
that  of  Sambu.  Two  hours  further  we 
touched  th«  Kunene  River.  As  we  could 
get  no  guide  for  going  on  to  Galangi,  we 
turned  northward,  going  almost  at  a right 
angle  to  our  previous  course  for  a distance 
of  eight  hours  (we  reckon  three  miles  to 
the  hour) . This  brought  us  to  the  chief 
village  of  Kandumbu,  about  an  hour  be- 
yond the  source  of  the  Kunene,  which 
stream  we  had  been  skirting.  At  Kan^ 
dumbu,  reported  as  distant  from  Cilume. 


West  Central  African  Mission. 


say,  twenty  hours’  travel  for  a man  without 
a load  (rate,  four  miles  an  hour),  we  came 
to  the  Boer  wagon  road  that  connects 
Bih6,  Caconda,  and  the  coast.  This  we 
followed  as  far  as  nearly  to  Dondi,  at 
which  point  we  took  the  short  cut  for 

“ At  each  place  four  young  fellows  went 
with  me  as  carriers.  The  trip  occupied  six- 
teen days,  including  the  two  Sundays  and 
two  days  in  which  rain  kept  us  from  travel. 
At  each  place  where  we  slept  we  held  an 
evening  service.  With  two  or  three  ex- 
ceptions, I have  rarely  enjoyed  preaching 
more.  At  the  places  where  we  passed  the 
Sundays  we  had  service  on  that  day  too. 
In  each  case  evening  service  was  not  held 
because  of  actual  or  threatened  rain. 

“ I came  emphatically  to  the  conclusion 
that  nothing  seen  by  me  warrants  the 
abandonment  of  Kamundongo  station. 
I saw  no  better  population  than  that 
within  our  reach  here.  Although  they 
reported  that  the  countries  have  plenty  of 
food,  barren  cornstalks  seemed  as  abun- 
dant in  fields  there  as  here.  We  shall 
have  to  take  steps  to  remedy  the  food 
question  here  rather  than  to  cut  the  knot 
by  moving  the  station. 

“Neither  in  Moma,  Sambu,  nor  Kan- 
dumbu  did  I hear  of  any  whites  settled 
among  them.  Those  countries  are  open 
to  be  evangelized,  but  on  talking  it  over 
with  Messrs.  Read  and  Wellman  it  seems 
as  if  it  could  be  best  done  from  Bailundu 
and  Kamundongo,  were  it  possible  to 
send  a missionary  and,  say,  four  native 
evangelists  with  a wagon.” 


Mr.  Currie,  of  Chisamba,  reports  some 
explorations  made  among  the  Ciyukas  and 
the  Valuimbi,  living  south  and  east  of 
Chisamba : — 

“ Mrs.  Currie  and  I went  with  a number 
of  the  young  men  for  a short  tour  last  week. 
At  the  Ciyukas  we  were  well  received, 
as  usual,  and  arranged  to  open  a school 
in  about  a month,  to  be  taught  by  two  of 
the  young  men,  who  will  leave  here  on 
Mondays  and  return  on  Saturdays.  The 
chief  will  provide  them  with  comfortable 

quarters  while  with  him,  and  see  that  a 
number  of  his  young  people  are  in  at- 
tendance. We  wished  to  visit  a certain 
large  district  of  the  Valuimbi,  but  the 
streams  were  so  swollen  that  it  did  not 
seem  wise  to  attempt  crossing  with  my  ox 
in  that  direction.  We,  however,  escorted 
by  the  chief  of  the  Ciyukas,  crossed  the 
Kukema  and  visited  the  Luimbi  ombala  of 
Owumbu,  spending  there  two  days.  We 
were  well  received  and  preached  to  large 
congregations  both  morning  and  evening 
on  each  of  two  days.  The  men  seemed 
to  understand  the  Umbundu  very  well, 
but  not  so  the  women ; they  were  not 
going  to  be  left  in  ignorance,  however, 
and  resorted  to  the  feminine  expedient  of 
questioning  their  husbands. 

“The  Valuimbi  seem  to  have  sprung 
from  the  Aboque  people,  as  the  Bih^ans 
did  from  the  Ovimbangala.  Their  habits 
are  somewhat  different  from  those  of  the 
people  immediately  about  us.  The  Bih^an 
women  rise  about  two  in  the  morning  to 
pound  their  corn,  and  if  they  finish  it  in 
time,  go  to  bed  again  and  sleep  till  about 
six,  when  they  go  to  the  fields,  often 
making  mush  before  they  start,  for  them- 
selves and  families.  After  working  till 
about  midday  they  return  to  their  homes 
with  food  and  fuel  for  the  evening  meal, 
which  is  prepared  about  dusk.  The  men, 
when  at  home,  help  in  a measure  with  the 
field  work ; but  never  allow  that  to  inter- 
fere with  their  starting  on  a journey,  for 
the  field  work  is  regarded  as  peculiarly  a 
woman’s  calling. 

“The  Valuimbi  women  rise  about  six, 
pound  their  corn,  and  cook  a good  sub- 
stantial meal,  after  which  they  start  to 
their  fields  about  nine  o’clock.  The  men 
go  with  them  and  can  scarcely  be  induced 
to  neglect  that  work  during  the  time  of 
digging  and  planting.  All  — even  the 
chiefs,  when  at  liberty  — work  in  the  field 
until  midday,  when  many  of  the  men  go 
•to  the  river  to  catch  fish,  the  rest  remain- 
ing at  the  field  work  until  about  five 
o’clock,  when  all  return  to  their  villages, 
bringing  food  and  fuel.  They  are  traders 
only  in  a very  limited  degree,  and  yet 
they  seem  not  to  be  behind  the  Bih^ans 

I lO 

Western  Turkey  Mission. 


in  courage.  Since  the  whites  have  taken 
possession  of  this  country  we  have  sel- 
dom heard  of  any  resistance  offered  to 
the  insolence  of  the  soldiers  of  the  Bi- 
h^ans.  But  I have  removed  balls  out  of 
a white  officer  and  two  soldiers,  while  a 
couple  of  weeks  ago  the  bo(^  of  a mission 
soldier  was  found  terribly  mutilated  and 
sunken  with  a stone  in  the  river,  all  the 
work  of  the  Valuimbi. 

“We  hope  to  translate  a number  of 
hymns  into  their  language  and  collect  a 
vocabulary  for  use  by  the  native  evan- 
gelists; and,  indeed,  Mrs.  Currie  has 
already  made  a slight  beginning  in  this 
w^ork.  The  men  frequently  come  to  the 
station  to  make  small  sales  or  purchases, 
and  engage  as  carriers.  A number  of 
them  have  made  friends  with  some  of  our 
young  people,  so  that  they  come  to  visit 
and  spend  days  with  us.  We  hope  to 
take  advantage  of  these  facts  to  collect  a 
vocabulary  and  prepare  for  more  system- 
atic work  among  the  people.” 

®5Efstcrn  Eurkeg  ilHtsston. 


Dr.  Farnsworth,  on  resuming  his 
work  at  Cesarea,  speaks  hopefully  of  the 
situation,  and  does  not  anticipate  further 
violence.  The  health  of  the  station  was 
good,  save  that  Mr.  Fowle  is  in  much 
need  of  rest.  Between  October  9 and 
December  21  Dr.  Farnsworth  had  spent 
thirty-nine  days  in  touring.  Among  the 
out-stations  visited  was  Urgub,  of  which 
he  writes  : — 

“The  condition  of  things  here  is  both 
a surprise  and  a delight  to  us.  After 
some  years  of  effort  we  gave  up  Urgub 
as  ‘stony  ground.’  Some  months  ago 
several  somewhat  influential  Greeks  de- 
clared themselves  Protestants.  Appar- 
ently they  have  done  so  after  patient  and 
thorough  study  of  the  sacred  Scriptures 
and  from  a sincere  conviction  of  duty. 
A young  lawyer  and  his  wife  gave  us  a 
cordial  welcome  and  entertained  us  hand- 
somely. In  the  evening  more  than  thirty 
men,  women,  and  children  came  together 
for  a two  hours’  meeting,  and  I know  not 

how  many  hours’  conversation.  I excused 
myself  about  half-past  ten,  but  my  com- 
panion sat  an  hour  longer,  and  then  some 
of  the  people  were  loath  to  go.  We  had 
intended  to  leave  on  Tuesday,  November 
30,  but  could  not  get  away.  Wednesday 
evening  the  experiences  of  Tuesday  were 
repeated,  except  there  were  more  persons 
present  and  the  meeting  was  longer. 
They  now  report  seventy-two  Protestants 
in  that  place.  Just  now  it  is  the  brightest 
spot  in  our  field.  We  await  further  devel- 
opments with  anxiety.  While  we  hope  for 
the  best,  we  would  not  forget  that  bitter 
disappointment  is  possible. 

“ Leaving  Urgub  Wednesday,  we  went 
on  to  Ak  Serai,  reaching  there  Friday. 
If,  as  it  seems  to  me,  the  work  in  our  field 
generally  has  retrograded  in  the  last  five 
years,  it  has  not  done  so  in  Ak  Serai.  I 
think  it  was  never  in  a more  healthy  or 
hopeful  condition  than  now.  There  is 
one  disturbing  element  that  has  made 
some  trouble,  and  still  makes  us  anxious, 
that  is  the  doctrine  of  perfection,  or  sin- 
lessness, as  taught  by  Mr.  Elias  Panlides, 
whom  you  will  remember  as  a student  at 
the  Lay  College  at  Revere.  We  spent 
Sunday  here,  had  one  baptism  and  the 
Lord’s  Supper,  and  one  was  admitted  to 
the  church,  while  others  who  were  exam- 
ined were  advised  to  wait.  Monday  morn- 
ing I performed  the  marriage  ceremony  of 
the  young  woman  who,  with  a very  little 
private  help,  has  been  teaching  a school 
of  thirty  or  more  girls.  She  is  a graduate 
of  the  Talas  Boarding  School  of  the  class 
of  1888.  We  spent  Monday  night  at 
Cheltek.  We  turned  aside  from  our  direct 
route  to  Nid6,  to  visit  the  large  Greek 
and  Turkish  village,  Enchie.  We  found 
one  of  our  Protestant  girls  from  Talas, 
who  is  married  and  lives  here,  teaching  a 
school  of  thirteen  pupils.  There  are  two 
or  three  good  brethren  here,  but  their  in- 
fluence is  neutralized  by  one  or  two  bad 
ones.  While  here,  three  inches  of  snow 
fell,  and  we  left  Friday  morning,  expect- 
ing to  take  two  days  for  our  thirty-six 
miles  to  Nigd6,  but  a ride  of  seven 
miles  brought  us  to  lower  land,  where 
there  was  no  snow,  and  the  road  was  so 


Notes  from  the  Wide  Field. 


good  that  we  ventured  to  push  on, 
and  reached  Nigd6  about  an  hour  after 

“ We  went  to  Nigd6  with  heavy  hearts. 
For  years  the  work  there  has  been  in  a 
very  unsatisfactory  condition.  I expected 
to  find  that  it  had  grown  worse,  and  that 
money  spent  there  did  little  or  no  good. 
I was  very  happily  disappointed.  The 
worst  mischief-maker  has  moved  away. 
One  of  the  most  influential  of  the  breth- 
ren, and  one  who  had  been  misled  by 
him,  has  come  to  see  and  humbly  ac- 
knowledge his  mistake.  Old  quarrels 
have  disappeared.  The  people  are  taking 
hold  of  self-support  with  increased  en- 
ergy. My  hopes  for  Nigd6  are  much 
stronger  than  they  have  been  for  some 
years.  We  had  communion  and  one 
baptism.  My  companion  spent  Sunday 
in  Bar,  and  I went  there  and  spent  a few 
hours  Monday.  The  woman  who  has  had 
a school  there  some  years  continues  to 
hold  the  fort.” 


Miss  Gage,  of  Marsovan,  writes  of  a 
visit  made  at  some  out-stations  as  well  as 
at  Sivas : — 

“ Everywhere  we  went  it  awed  me,  and 
I confess  did  not  altogether  please  me,  to 
see  the  great  popularity  of  our  institu- 
tions here.  I could  not  but  feel  that  the 
great  eagerness  to  come  to  Marsovan 
was  rather  more  for  worldly  than  for 

spiritual  gain.  Yet  all  motives  are  not 
bad,  and  we  are  all  filled  with  humble 
gratitude  for  the  wonderful  opportunities 
that  are  ours. 

“ Zille  is  always  a delight  to  me.  The 
people  are  more  simple-hearted  and  hon- 
est purposed  and  clean  spoken  than  in 
most  places.  Our  church  there  was  in  a 
prosperous  condition,  and  all  the  different 
lines  of  work  were  encouraging.  I was 
especially  interested  in  the  influence  the 
orphans  we  had  allowed  to  go  home  for 
the  vacation  were  having  on  the  people 
they  come  in  contact  with.  In  the  first 
place,  the  preacher’s  wife  had  had  an 
exhibition,  on  their  first  Sunday  at  home, 
of  all  they  had  learned  while  here  in  the 
line  of  Bible  verses,  with  hymns  and 
religious  recitations.  It  is  said  that  the 
church  was  crowded,  and  that  for  nearly 
two  hours  the  children  recited  and  then 
didn’t  tell  all  they  knew!  It  became 
‘ town  talk  ’ and  the  friends  of  the  chil- 
dren were,  of  course,  immensely  pleased. 
These  are  all  Gregorian  children,  with 
one  or  two  exceptions,  but  every  one  came 
to  the  Protestant  chapel  each  Sunday  and 
sat  in  a group  on  either  side  of  the  pul- 
pit, I hope  not  altogether  to  be  looked 
at ; however  that  may  be,  all  the  mothers 
and  many  of  their  friends  had  to  come 
to  look  at  them  and  swell  with  pride. 
Their  home  behavior  was  also  very  much 
praised  as  greatly  improved,  and  their 
testimony  of  the  way  they  were  treated  in 
Marsovan  was  good  for  our  reputation.” 

Notes  from  tlje  OTtOe  jFteltt. 


On  the  Congo.  — In  connection  with  the  Brussels  Exhibition,  in  which  exhibits  are 
made  illustrating  the  advance  made  in  the  Congo  Free  State,  the  writer  of  a work  pub- 
lished under  the  direction  of  the  commissioners  refers  eulogistically  to  the  work  of 
Protestant  missions  within  the  Free  State.  This  is  in  gratifying  contrast  to  the  utter- 
ances of  many  officials  who  prefer  to  use  the  sword  and  the  bayonet  instead  of  evan- 
gelistic agencies.  This  writer  says  : “ Since  the  establishment  of  Protestant  missions 
twenty  years  ago,  ten  Protestant  denominations  have  successively  created  mission  posts 
in  the  Free  State.  These,  numbering  fifty-six  in  all,  are  occupied  by  221  agents  of 
both  sexes ; the  buildings  attached  are  constructed  with  skill,  and  characterized  by  a 

1 12 

Notes  from  the  Wide  Field. 


comfort  essentially  Britannic.  The  preachers  are  usually  zealous,  desirous  of  well- 
doing, and  in  certain  parts  of  the  Lower  Congo,  towards  which  general  effort  has  con- 
verged, several  thousands  of  Congolese  have  submitted  to  their  influence.  In  addition 
to  various  literary  efforts,  a printing  press  has  been  set  up,  and  from  it  is  issued  one 
journal  in  a native  tongue.  Instruction  is  given  in  some  of  the  schools,  and  English  is 
universally  taught.  Three  steamers  on  the  Upper  Congo  are  owned  by  the  Reformed 
Societies.  It  is  an  incontestable  fact  that  Protestant  missions  have  accomplished  much, 
and  that  in  several  localities  their  influence  is  a factor  of  real  weight.” 


Secretary  Speer,  of  the  Am.erican  Presbyterian  Board,  writes  in  the  December 
number  of  the  Church  at  Ho7ne  a^id  Abroad  of  a most  interesting  visit  he  had  made 
among  the  Koreans,  referring  especially  to  the  communion  Sunday  spent  in  Pyeng 
Yang,  the  capital  of  the  northwest  district,  and  known  as  the  battle-ground  between 
the  Chinese  and  the  Koreans.  The  gospel  has  made  a great  impression  upon  that 
community.  It  is  a custom  among  the  Korean  Christians  to  fly  their  national  flag  from 
their  houses  on  Sunday,  and  the  flag  is  also  seen  surmounting  their  churches.  Their 
piety  and  patriotism  are  thus  shown  Mr.  Speer  speaks  of  the  different  Sunday-schools 
held  on  that  Sabbath  morning,  one  for  men  and  boys,  another  for  women  and  girls, 
and  a third  for  both.  At  one  of  these  sessions  there  were  five  groups  of  twenty  per- 
sons each,  and  in  the  centre  of  each  group  was  a little  pile  of  copper  coins,  the  con- 
tributions for  the  day.  The  native  Christians  give  of  their  time  freely  to  Christian 
work.  Mention  is  made  of  several  men  of  strong  character  and  devout  lives  who  go 
out  from  this  central  church  each  week  to  preach  the  gospel.  The  church  building  at 
Pyeng  Yang  is  quite  too  small  for  the  congregation.  Every  window  was  full,  and  a 
building  that  will  hold  1,500  people  is  needed.  . Other  services  were  carried  on,  at  one 
of  which  400  men  and  boys  sat  on  the  floor,  the  outside  crowd  pressing  about  the 
doors  and  windows,  almost  shutting  out  light  and  air.  Mr.  Speer  says  that  the  con- 
gregation sang  “Hallelujah,  ’tis  done,”  and  “Nothing  but  the  blood  of  Jesus,”  with 
such  tremendous  feeling  that  “all  the  nerves  in  my  back  tingled  up  and  down.” 
Seventeen  persons  were  to  be  received  to  the  church,  and  the  native  minister  “ read 
to  them  the  strict  rules  of  the  native  church  requiring  of  them  repentance  and  turning 
from  sin,  the  abandonment  of  ancestral  worship,  the  observance  of  the  Sabbath,  filial 
fidelity,  personal  eflfort  for  the  salvation  of  their  families  and  others,  forbidding  idols, 
polygamy,  drunkenness,  gambling,  and  all  sin.”  The  contrast  between  these  Christians 
who  have  just  emerged  from  the  darkness  of  paganism  and  the  Koreans  not  yet  reached 
is  most  striking. 


The  outlook  in  this  great  island  seems  to  be  changing  rapidly.  In  our  last  number 
we  reported  the  efforts  of  the  Deputation  of  the  London  Missionary  Society  to  con- 
vince the  people  as  well  as  General  Gallini,  the  French  Resident,  that  the  work  of  that 
society  had  nothing  to  do  with  politics,  and  that  the  converts  would  be  loyal  to  the 
French  government.  The  governor  has  been  convinced  of  this  fact  and  has  stated  that 
his  policy  would  now  be  entirely  changed.  The  Deputation  reported  themselves  as  satis- 
fied with  the  promises  now  made  them.  In  a letter  to  the  Journal  des  Missions  Evan- 
geliques  a missionary  writes  that  in  the  six  districts  supported  by  him  4,000  children  have 
returned  to  the  Protestant  schools,  and  3,000  adults  to  the  churches.  While  the  Jesuits 
continue  their  violent  measures  in  the  country  districts,  they  do  not  affect  the  people  as 
formerly.  The  Evangelical  Society  of  France  is  doing  all  it  can  to  send  missionaries 
and  teachers,  yet  the  number  is  quite  too  few  to  meet  the  demands.  But  the  outlook 
is  certainly  improving. 


Notes  for  the  Month.  — Doiiations. 


Notes  for  tije  JHontlj. 

SPECIAL  Topic  for  Prayer. 

For  China.  For  the  government  and  the  people  in  this  critical  hour  in  the  life  of  the  empire, 
that  they  may  be  treated  justly  and  kindly  by  the  nations  bearing  the  Christian  name ; for 
the  professed  Christians,  that  they  may  witness  a good  confession ; for  the  multitudes  of 
inquirers,  that  they  may  not  be  left  to  grope  in  darkness ; and  for  the  Deputation  of  the 
American  Board  now  visiting  our  missions,  that  they  may  be  guided  in  their  investigations 
and  plans,  so  that  the  missionary  work  shall  be  prosecuted  with  greater  zeal  and  efficiency. 

Arrivals  at  Stations. 

September  7.  At  Tung-cho,  North  China,  Miss  Luella  Miner. 

October  6.  At  Madura,  Rev.  and  Mrs.  George  T.  Washburn,  D.D. 

December  24.  At  Foochow,  China,  Miss  Hannah  C.  Woodhull,  Miss  Kate  C.  Woodhull, 
M.D.,  and  Miss  Eifsie  M.  Garretson. 

December  25.  At  Bitlis,  Eastern  Turkey,  Rev.  and  Mrs.  Charles  R.  Ashdown. 

December  28.  At  Bitlis,  Miss  Charlotte  E.  Ely  and  Miss  Mary  A.  C.  Ely. 

December  31.  At  Erzroom,  Eastern  Turkey,  Rev.  R.  S.  Stapleton. 

January  7.  At  Madura,  Southern  India,  Rev.  and  Mrs.  John  S.  Chandler. 

Arrivals  in  the  United  States. 

December  16.  At  New  Haven,  Conn.,  Mrs.  Willa  J.  Noble,  of  the  North  China  Mission. 

January  i.  At  San  Franciso,  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Alfred  L.  Shapleigh,  Miss  Sarah  F.  Hinman,  Miss 
Abbie  G.  Chapin,  and  Miss  Virginia  C.  Murdock,  M.D.,  all  of  the  North  China  Mission. 


January  6.  From  San  Francisco,  Miss  Cornelia  Judson,  returning  to  the  Japan  Mission. 


December  14.  At  Erzroom,  by  Rev.  W.  N.  Chambers,  Rev.  Charles  R.  Ashdown  and  Miss 
Jane  Dickie. 


December  15,  1897,  Woolwich,  Maine.  Mrs.  Charlotte  Bass  Perkins,  widow  of  the  Rev. 
Justin  Perkins,  D.D.,  the  well-known  missionary  among  the  Nestorians.  Mrs.  Perkins  was 
born  at  Middlebury,  Vt.,  August  2,  1808,  and  was  married  to  Mr.  Perkins  in  1833,  embark- 
ing the  same  year  with  him  for  Persia.  Mrs.  Perkins  returned  to  this  country  in  1857. 
Physical  infirmities  preventing  her  again  joining  the  mission,  she  resided  with  her  son  at 
Woolwich,  Maine,  and  in  the  ninetieth  year  of  her  age  she  passed  to  the  heavenly  home. 

December  22,  1897,  at  Forest  Grove,  Oregon,  Mrs.  Abbie  Walker  Staver,  wife  of  Rev.  Daniel 
Staver,  aged  fifty-four  years.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Staver  were  missionaries  of  the  American 
Board  at  Cesarea,  Turkey,  from  1875  to  1880,  when,  on  account  of  the  physical  weakness  of 
Mrs.  Staver,  they  were  compelled  to  return  to  the  United  States.  During  the  past  seventeen 
years  she  has  been  an  invalid,  yet  she  has  drawn  to  herself  the  confidence  and  affection 
of  a large  circle  of  friends  in  which  her  influence  has  been  felt,  especially  in  missionary 

©onations  J^ecetbeti  in  Sanuaro. 


Alfred,  Cong,  ch,  10  cxj 

Bangor,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  120;  Ham- 
mond-st.  Cong,  ch.,  50;  Central 
Cong,  ch.,  10,  180  00 

Bar  Harbor,  Cong.  ch.  30  00 

Bath,  Rev.  and  Mrs.  O.  W.  Folsom, 
Thank-offering,  25  00 

Brewer,  ist  Cong.  ch.  15  4° 

Centre  Lebanon,  Cong.  ch.  9 50 

East  Orrington,  Cong.  ch.  i 00 

Falmouth,  2d  Cong.  ch.  12  00 

Farmington,  ist  Cong.  ch.  41  76 

Francestown,  M.  B.  Fisher,  5 00 

Gray,  Cong.  ch.  4 60 

Greeneville,  Friend,  5 00 

Hallowell,  South  Cong.  ch.  20  00 

Hampden,  ist  Cong.  ch.  2 78 

Harrison,  Cong  ch.  3 62 

Minot  Centre,  Cong.  ch.  29  75 

No.  Bridgton,  Cong.  ch.  10  do 

Poland,  H.  T.  and  S.  E.  Buck,  20  00 

Oxford,  Cong.  ch.  6 00 

Portland,  High-st.  ch.  (of  which  100 

from  Friend),  301.16;  State-st.  ch.,25,  326  16 

Presque  Isle,  Cong.  ch.  2 50 

South  Brewer,  Cong,  ch.,  9,  and  Y.  P. 

S.  C.  E.,  toward  support  Rev.  H.  B. 

Newell,  12.66,  21  66 

Standish,  Cong.  ch.  5 00 

West  Newfield,  Cong.  ch.  5 00 

, Friend,  40  00 — 831  73 




Legacies. — Albany,  Jacob  H.  Love- 

joy,  by  E.  W.  Woodbury,  Ex’r,  890  00 
Bath,  Harriet  N.  Haley,  by  Rev. 

O.  W.  Folsom,  100  00 990  00 

1,821  73 


Acworth,  Cong.  ch. 

Atkinson,  Cong.  ch. 

Boscawen,  Friends, 

Centre  Sandwich,  Levi  W.  Stanton, 
Derry,  Central  Cong.  ch. 

Dunbarton,  Cong.  ch. 

Exeter,  2d  Cong,  ch.,  281;  ist  Cong, 
ch.,  Cash,  10, 

Gilmanton  Iron  Works,  Cong,  ch., 
4.45;  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  support 
Rev.  J.  H.  Pettee,  8, 

Greenville,  Cong.  ch. 

Hollis,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  toward  support 
Rev.  J.  H.  Pettee, 

Hopkinton,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  14;  Y.  P. 
S.  C.  E.  of  ist  Cong.  ch.,for  sup- 
port Rev.  J.  H.  Pettee,  5;  Friend, 

Littleton,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Meriden,  Cong,  ch.,  i ; Marion  W. 

Purington,  i, 

Milton,  Cong.  ch. 

Nelson,  Cong.  ch. 

New  Ipswich,  J.  E.  F.  Marsh, 

New  I^ndon,  Family, 

Newmarket,  Thomas  H.  Wiswall, 
Ossipee,  Cong.  ch. 

Penacook,  Cong.  ch. 

Portsmouth,  Mary  Lewis, 

Smithtown,  Miss  S.  E.  Tapley, 
Webster,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

5 85 
13  63 

4 00 
10  00 

43  75 
10  00 

291  00 

12  45 
10  00 

15  84 

39  00 

23  38 

2 00 
5 00 
10  00 

5 00 
10  00 
10  00 

6 00 
6 80 

23  50 

31  56 — 589  66 

Legacies.  — Hanover,  Andrew  Moody, 
by  John  K.  Lord  and  Charles  P. 

Chase,  Trustees,  add’l,  50  00 


639  66 

Bennington,  2d  Cong.  ch. 

Benson,  Cong.  ch. 

Bradford,  Cong.  ch. 

Brandon,  Cong.  ch. 

Brattleboro,  Mrs.  Mary  L.  Hadley, 
Burlington,  College-st.  Cong,  ch., 
75.05;  S.  S.  Tinkham,  10, 

Coventry,  Cong.  ch. 

Fair  Haven,  Welsh  Cong.  ch. 
Hartland,  Cong.  ch.  (of  which  5 from 
“ Lady  ”), 

Manchester,  Mrs.  E.  M.  Wickham, 
Newport,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Northfield,  Cong,  ch.,  Mrs.  Diantha 
J.  Allen,  to  const.  Frank  A.  Balch, 
H.  M. 

Putney,  Cong.  ch. 

St.  Johnsbury,  Mrs.  D.  D.  Winter,  5; 

South  ch..  Friend,  20, 

Thetforil,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Vershire,  Cong.  ch. 

West  Brattleboro,  Cong,  ch.,  50.41; 

Mrs.  E.  C.  Herrick,  15, 

West  Dover,  Cong.  ch. 

West  Rutland,  Cong.  ch. 

Wilmington,  Cong.  ch. 

85  65 

9 00 
26  63 
10  00 
25  00 

85  05 
25  00 
8 30 

6 00 
10  00 
28  40 

100  00 
16  05 

25  00 
II  97 
4 25 

6s  41 

2 00 
II  00 

6 70 — 561  41 


Abington,  ist  Cong.  ch.  ii  50 

Amesbury,  Union  Cong.  ch.  5 25 

Amherst,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  106.75;  Am- 
herst College  Alumnus,  toward  sup- 
port Rev.  E.  Fairbank,  and  to  const. 
Hubert  L.  Clark,  Henry  E. 

Tobey,  and  Henry  P.  Kendall, 

H.  M.,  300,  406  75 

Andover,  South  Cong,  ch.,  238.93; 

Friend,  4;  Friend,  2.50,  245  43 

Auburn  dale,  Cong,  ch.,  200;  Mr.s. 

Geo.  M.  Adams,  15,  215  00 

Bedford,  Cong,  ch.,  12.16;  Friend,  8,  20  16 

Belchertown,  Mrs.  G.  B.  Richardson,  i 00 

Beverly,  Dane-st.  Cong,  ch.,  130; 

Washington-st.  Cong,  ch.,  60,  i o 00 

Boston,  Old  South  ch.,  5,760.16;  Mt. 

Vernon  ch.,  1,824.54;  do..  Thank- 
offering,  10;  Central  ch.,  1,216.92; 

2d  Cong,  ch.,  Dorchester,  125;  do., 
Extra-cent-a-day  Band,  10;  VVal- 
nut-ave.  ch.,  to  const.,  with  other 
dona.,  C.  J.  French  and  Mrs.  P.  E. 

Wight,  H.  M.,  ioo;  Park-st.  ch.. 

Income  bequest,  Mehitable  P.  Gay, 

15;  do.,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  toward  sup- 
port Rev.  James  Smith,  33.75;  So. 

Evan,  ch..  West  Roxbury,  12;  Ros- 
lindale  Cong,  ch.,  for  work  in  China, 

7.50;  Eliot  ch.,  Roxbury,  2.83; 

Annie  Lewis  (Charlestown),  30; 

“ Kofnomor,”  11.20;  John  S.  Lea- 
royd,  15;  Rev.  Wm.  S.  Hubbell, 

D.D.,  10;  Bookstore,  5;  Friend,  2; 

A.  Hammond,  i,  Q.iQt  9° 

Boxboro,  Cong.  ch.  10  00 

Braintree,  1st  Cong,  ch.,  Friend,  10  00 

Cambridge,  Shepard  Memorial  Cong. 

ch.  1,044.25 

Carlisle,  Cong.  ch.  10  00 

Charlemont,  Convention  in  ist  Cong. 

ch.  8 00 

Charlton,  Cong.  ch.  10  00 

Chicopee,  3d  Cong.  ch.  i 30 

Chiltonville,  Cong.  ch.  40  88 

Dalton,  W.  Murray  Crane,  200;  Mrs. 

Zenas  Crane,  200  400  00 

Dedham,  ist  Cong.  ch.  17  00 

Dennis,  Union  Cong.  ch.  6 00 

East  Dennis,  2d  Cong.  ch.  17  65 

Easthampton,  ist  Cong.  ch.  48  26 

East  Weymouth,  Cong.  ch.  50  00 

Everett,  Mystic  Side  Cong.  ch.  15  00 

Fall  River,  ist  Cong.  ch.  99  57 

Fitchburg,  Calvinist  Cong,  ch..  Friends,  25  00 

Foxboro,  Bethany  Cong  ch.  21  18 

Gardner,  “ F.”  i 00 

Globe  Village,  Evan.  Free,  32  50 

Grafton,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  West  Cong. 

ch.,  for  “ Forward  Movement,”  10  00 

Greenfield,  ist  Cong.  ch.  5 00 

Harvard,  Rev.  C.  C.  Torrey,  17  5° 

Harwich,  Cong.  ch.  27  57 

Haverhill,  West  Cong.  ch.  14  00 

Hawley,  Cong.  ch.  • 9 24 

Haydenville,  Cong.  ch.  5 04 

Holyoke,  2d  Cong,  ch.,  47.38;  Y.  P. 

S.  C.  E.  of  do.,  toward  support  Rev. 

Dwight  Goddard,  50,  97  38 

Hubbardston,  Cong.  ch.  i 89 

Hyde  Park,  Cong.  ch.  i 50 

Ipswich,  South  Cong.  ch.  40  00 

Lancaster,  Cong.  ch.  9 87 

Lawrence,  Trinity  Cong,  ch.,  66.20; 

Lawrcnce-st.  Cong,  ch.,  36.37,  102  57 

Leicester,  1st  Cong.  ch.  (of  which  10 
from  Sabbath-school),  for  work  in 
Bulgaria,  132  06 

Lowell,  Kirk-st.  Cong,  ch.,  389.45;  ist 
Trin.  Cong,  ch.,  to  const.  Rev. 
George  F.  Kenngott,  H.  M., 

51.89;  G.  Hovey,  100, 

Ludlow,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Lynn,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  North  Cong. 

ch.,  for  the  “ Forward  Movement,” 
Mansfield,  Cong.  ch. 

Medford,  Mystic  Cong.  ch. 

Melrose.  Ortho.  Cong.  ch. 

Merrimac,  Friend, 

Middleboro,  Geo.  H.  Shaw, 

Natick,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

New  Bedford,  North  Cong.  ch. 

Newbury,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Newton  Centre,  1st  Cong,  ch.,  Extra- 
cent-a-day  Band,  for  catechist,  Ma- 

North  Adams,  Cong.  ch. 

Northboro,  Friend, 

North  Brookfield,  Mrs.  Abbie  J. 

Whiting,  10  00 

North  Falmouth,  Cong.  ch.  25  00 

Northampton,  ist  Cong.  ch.  261  37 

North  Wilbraham,  Grace  Union 

Cong.  ch.  5 59 

541  34 
7 50 

5 25 
16  60 
310  90 
152  38 
2 00 
25  00 
83  00 
7 00 
23  52 

40  50 
74  42 
15  00 




North  Woburn,  Cong.  ch. 

Norton,  Trin.  Cong.  ch. 

Norwood,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Palmer,  L.  H.  Gager, 

Pittsfield,  South  Cong.  ch. 

Plymouth,  Church  of  the  Pilgrimage, 
Rehoboth,  Cong.  ch. 

Richmond,  Cong.  ch. 

Royalston,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Salem,  South  Cong.  ch. 

Sandisfield,  L.  A.  Hawley, 

Sheffield,  Cong.  ch. 

Shutesbury,  “ H.” 

Somerville,  Broadway  Cong,  ch.,  to 
const.  W.  C.  Taylor,  H.  M. 
Southbridge,  Cong.  ch. 

South  Hadley,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

South  Hadley  Falls,  “G.,”  50;  “In 
His  Name,”  25, 

South  Weymouth,  Old  South  Cong. 

22  71 
5 87 
78  80 
100  00 
58  06 
42  58 
14  00 
21  24 
2 74 
134  00 
5 00 
9 28 

100  00 
12  68 
40  00 

75  00 

ch.  13  00 

Spencer,  ist  Cong.  ch.  260  59 

Springfield,  South  Cong,  ch.,  64.66; 

*Eastern-ave.  Cong,  ch.,  5:  Friend, 

500:  Friend,  115,  684  66 

Swampscott,  Cong.  ch.  13  00 

Taunton,  Winslow  Cong.  ch.  77  35 

Three  Rivers,  Union  Evan.  Cong.  ch.  16  55 
Truro,  ist  Cong.  ch.  8 38 

Wakefield,  ist  Cong.  ch.  40  56 

Walpole,  2d  Cong.  ch.,to  const.  Rev. 

Frank  C.  Putnam,  H.  M.  50  00 

Warren,  Cong,  ch.  177  37 

West  Springfield,  Park-st.  Cong.  ch.  42  85 
Williamsburg,  Cong,  ch.,  5:  Y.  P.  S. 

C.  E.,for  support  Rev.  Dwight  God- 
dard, 10,  15  00 

Winchester,Rev.  S.  Winchester  Adriance,  5 00 
Woburn,  ist  Cong  ch.  453  00 

Worcester,  Plymouth  Cong,  ch.,  240; 

Central  Cong,  ch.,  “ C.,”  25,  265  00 

Yarmouth,  ist  Cong.  ch.  30  00 

New  Year,”  500017,159 


Legacies.  — Charlton,  Dr.  C.  M.  Fay, 

by  F.  J.  Daniels,  500  00 

Northampton,  Numan  Clark,  add’l,  30  00 
Uxbridge,  Sarah  B.  Ellis,  by  W.  W. 

Thayer,  Ex’r,  140  26 — 670  26 

17  830  10 


Kingston,  Cong.  ch.  48  85 

Newport,  United  Cong.  ch.  60  86 

Providence,  Union  Cong,  ch.,  230;  Miss 

E.  Carlile,  10,  240  00  349  71 

Legacies.  — Pawtucket,  Mrs.  Deborah 
A.  Clark  (Cong,  ch.),  by  W.  B. 

Clark,  Ex’r,  200  00 


549  71 

Berlin,  Cong,  ch.,  Extra-cent-a-day 
Band,  25;  “ C.,”  3, 

Bethel,  ist  Cong.  ch.  (of  which  18  from 

Bristol,  1st  Cong.  ch. 

Chaplin,  Cong.  ch. 

Chester,  Cong.  ch. 

Cornwall,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Coventry,  2d  Cong.  ch. 

Cromwell,  Cong.  ch. 

Danbury,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

East  Hampton,  Cong.  ch. 

East  Hartford,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  42.84; 

South  Cong,  ch.,  9.60, 
hast  Windsor,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Ellington,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  support 
Rev.  John  Howland, 

Enfield,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Fairfield,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Fair  Haven,  2d  Cong.  ch. 

Falls  Village,  Cong.  ch. 

Goshen,  Cong.  ch. 

Greenfield  Hill,  Cong.  ch.,to  const. 
Rev.  Joseph  B.  Kettle,  H.  M., 

28  00 

103  14 
100  00 
37  00 

20  65 
100  00 

66  10 
88  38 

83  52 

27  42 
52  44 

21  52 

10  00 
54  65 

22  00 
12  75 

7 36 
5 00 

66.60,  and  toward  support  Rev.  W. 

P.  Elwood,  I,  67  60 

Hartford,  1st  Cong,  ch.,  273.40;  Asy- 
lum Hill  Cong,  ch.,  255.65  529  05 

Huntington,  Cong.  ch.  9 00 

Kensington,  Cong.  ch.  15  30 

Killingwortb,  Cong.  ch.  13  70 

Ledyard,  Cong.  ch.  9 36 

Lyme,  Cong.  ch.  45  00 

Meriden,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  to  const.,  with 
prev.  dona.,  A.  H.  Merriman, 

H.  M.,  36  27 

Middlefield,  Cong.  ch.  55  28 

Middletown,  ist  Cong.  ch.  28  27 

Milford,  1st  Cong.  ch.  13  12 

Monroe,  Cong.  ch.  40  00 

Montville,  Cong.  ch.  12  65 

New  Britain,  ist  ch.  of  Christ,  to  const., 
with  other  dona.,  Arthur  De  Wolfe, 

Cornelius  Andrews,  David  S.  Os- 
born, and  A.  Howard  Abbe,  H.  M., 

80;  Friend,  10,  90  00 

New  Fairfield,  Cong.  ch.  5 46 

New  Haven,  Rev.  H.  E.  Peabody 
and  wife,  10  00 

Norfolk,  Greeneville  Cong.  ch.  15  00 

North  Haven,  Cong.  ch.  50  00 

Norwich,  2d  Cong,  ch.,  to  const., 
with  other  dona..  Rev.  Cornelius 
W.  Morrow  and  Edmund  A.  Pren- 
tice, H.  M.,  114.15;  ist  Cong,  ch., 

20.38,  134  53 

Old  Lyme,  ist  Cong.  ch.  57  00 

Old  Saybrook,  Cong,  ch.,  16.86;  Rev. 

A.  S.  Chesebrough,  5,  21  86 

Oxford,  Cong.  ch.  23  53 

Plantsville,  Cong.  ch.  5 00 

Pomfret,  ist  Cong.  ch.  165  25 

Plymouth,  Cong.  ch.  3 00 

Salisbury,  Cong.  ch.  (of  which  1.85 
from  Friend),  20.20;  Friend,  2,  22  20 

Sharon,  ist  Cong.  ch.  16  00 

.Somers,  “ C.  B.  P.”  25  00 

South  Canaan,  Cong.  ch.  3 20 

Southington,  Cong,  ch.  58  21 

Southport,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  support 

Rev.  W.  P.  Elwood,  50  00 

South  Windsor,  Friend,  10  00 

Stamford,  Mrs.  Charles  B.  Allyn,  4 00 

Thomaston,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  14.48; 

C.  S.  S.,  for  work  in  China,  30,  44  48 

Thompson,  Cong.  ch.  39  29 

Wallingford,  ist  Cong.  ch.  100  44 

Westchester,  Cong.  ch.  4 20 

Wethersfield,  Cong.  ch.  33  50 

Wilton,  Cong.  ch.  38  50 

Windham,  Cong.  ch.  48  14 

Windsor  Locks,  Rev.  Richard  Wright,  i 00 

Woodbridge,  ist  Cong.  ch.  32  50 

Woodstock,  ist  Cong.  ch.  15  50 

Wolcott,  Cong.  ch.  10  00 

, Individuals,  by  Rev.  H.  M. 

Lawson,  9 20-2,860  52 

Legacies.  — Greenwich,  Almira  Mead, 

add’l,  51 

Hartford,  Roland  Mather,  by  Ed- 
ward W.  Hooker,  Ex’r,  add’l,  5,000  00 
New  London,  J.  N.  Harris,  by 
Robert  Coit,  Henry  R.  Bond,  and 
Martha  S.  Harris,  Ex’r,  add’l,  1,875  00 
Old  Mystic,  Mrs.  Amanda  M. 

Wheeler,  by  J.  Watrous,  Jr., 

Ex’r,  1,000  00 

West  Hartford,  Nancy  S.  Gay- 
lord, by  Francis  H.  Parker,  Ex’r, 

675;  do.,  Abigail  P.  Talcott,  by 

S.  A.  Griswold,  Trustee,  74.36,  749  36-8,624  87 

Angola,  Miss  A.  H.  Ames, 

Brooklyn,  Lewis-ave.  Cong,  ch.,  93. 19. 
Pilgrim  Chapel,  40;  South  Cong, 
ch.,  Wm.  Mackey,  25;  E.  F.  Car- 
rington, 5;  “ J.  R.,”  3, 

Candor,  Cong.  ch. 

Carthage,  Cong.  ch. 

Clifton  Springs,  “ C.,”  15;  “A. 

G.  W.,”  5, 

11,485  39 

166  19 
8 63 
25  35 




Deansboro,  Cong,  ch. 

Gaines,  Cong,  ch, 

Hopkinton,  Cong,  ch.  and  Y.  P.  S. 

C.  E. , for  work  in  Turkey, 
Jefferson,  Mrs.  demon  Nichols, 
Lisbon  Centre,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

New  Lebanon,  Ellen  C.  Kendall, 

New  York,  Forest-ave.  Cong,  ch., 
II. 17;  Trinity  Cong,  ch.,  10;  Miss 
R.  G.  S.,  5;  Cash,  100, 

Niagara  Falls,  ist  Cong.  ch. 
Northfield,  Cong,  ch. 

North  Guilford,  Cong.  ch. 

North ville,  Cong.  ch. 

Orient,  Cong.  ch. 

PhcEnix,  Cong.  ch. 

Poughkeepsie,  Mrs,  James  D,  Keith, 
Richmond  Hill,  Cong.  ch. 

Salamanca,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Syracuse,  Plymouth  Cong,  ch,,  104; 

Wm.  E.  Abbott,  5, 

Ticonderoga,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Utica,  Plymouth  Cong.  ch. 

Warsaw,  Cong.  ch. 

Wellsville,  ist  Cong,  ch, 

, Friend, 

8 00 
5 00 

25  00 

9 00 
5 00 

2 15 

126  17 

15  40 
9 50 

II  62 
6 57 
100  00 
II  63 
4 70 

109  00 
18  00 
3 36 
13  76 
44  01 

13  40 787  72 


Chester,  J.  H.  Cramm,  50  00 

Montclair,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  F.  M.  Pres- 
cott, 50  00 

Newark,  Belleville-ave.  Cong.  ch.  159  39 

Newfield,  Friend,  2 00 

Plainfield,  J,  O.  Niles,  15;  Friend,  10,  2500 
Trenton,  Friend,  for  Japanese  preacher, 

120;  for  Theol.  student,  Japan,  30:  for 
work  in  Madura,  30:  for  work  in 
East.  Turkey,  35,  215  00 

Upper  Montclair,  Cong,  ch.  225  00 726  39 

Legacies.  — Newark,  Aaron  S.  Day,  by 

Chas.  S.  Haines,  Ex’r,  345  64 

1,072  03 


Allegheny,  Woman’s  Mis.  Soc.  5 00 

Edwardsdale,  Welsh  Cong.  ch.  and 
Jun.  C.  E.  S.  6 50 

Guy’s  Mills,  Mrs.  F.  Maria  Guy,  5 00 
Lander,  A.  and  M.  E.  Cowles,  35  00 

Philadelphia,  Roxboro,  Geo.  R.  Moore,  90 
Sewickley,  Mrs.  J.  B.  Bittinger  and 

Miss  Lucy  Bittinger,  20  00 

Shamokin,  Welsh  Cong.  ch.  9 71 

Sharon,  ist  Cong.  ch.  3 30 

Wilkes-Barre,  D.  W.  Hughes,  4 00- 


Baltimore,  ist  Cong.  ch. 
, Friend, 

26  75 
500  oo- 


Washington,' ist  Cong.  ch.  (of  which 
50  from  Gen.  E.  Whittlesey),  375; 

5th  Cong,  ch.,5;  do..  Woman’s  Mis. 

Soc.,  6.34, 


Ceredo,  Cong.  ch. 

Sanford,  Cong,  ch.,  for  work  in  Africa, 

Jacksonville,  Union  Cong.  ch.  27  25 

Melbourne,  Cong,  ch.,11.91;  Rev.  and 

Mrs.  E.  W.  Butler,  25,  36  91 

Tavares,  Cong.  ch.  5 10- 


Memphis,  Strangers’  Cong.  ch.  20  03 

Pin  Hook  Landing,  Rev.  and  Mrs.  C. 

B.  Riggs,  3 90- 

-89  41 

-526  75 

386  34 


-69  26 

-23  93 


Elkhart,  Cong.  ch. 

Michigan  City,  ist  Cong.  ch. 
Whiting,  Cong.  ch. 

II  15 

26  00 
II  80- 

■48  95 


Berea,  Church  of  Christ,  17.25;  Wo- 
man’s Mis.  Soc.,  1.50,  18  75 


Iberia,  Cong.  ch.  3 55 

Kansas  City,  Rev.  S.  Penfield,  12  00 

Meadville,  Cong.  ch.  6 55 

St.  Joseph,  Tabernacle  Cong.  ch.  i 00 

St.  Louis,  Pilgrim  Cong,  ch.,  133;  1st 
Cong,  ch.,  88.01,  221  01 

Webster  Groves,  ist  Cong.  ch.  17  36 

Windsor,  Cong,  ch..  Ladies’  Aid  Soc.  i 00 — 262  47 


Ashtabula,  2d  Cong.  ch. 

Belden,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Bellevue,  Cong.  ch. 

Cleveland,  Euclid-ave.  Cong,  ch., 
126.98;  Lake  View  Cong,  ch.,  31.48; 
Plymouth  Cong,  ch.,  18.75:  Arch- 
wood-ave.  Cong,  ch.,  5.55;  Bethle- 
hem Cong,  ch.,  Mizpah  Chapel,  2.50, 
East  Cleveland,  Two  friends, 
Ellsworth,  Mrs.  B.  W.  Allen, 

Elyria,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Grafton,  Cong.  ch. 

Mansfield,  Mayflower  Cong.  ch. 
Marietta,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

No.  Monroeville,  Cong.  ch. 

Oberlin,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  50.19:  Rev. 
and  Mrs.  F.  W.  Davis,  for  “For- 
ward Movement,”  Shansi,  5, 
Penfield,  Cong.  ch. 

Plain,  Cong.  ch. 

Portsmouth,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Rockport,  Cong.  ch. 

Saybrook,  Cong,  ch..  Mission  Band, 
Unionville,  Cong.  ch. 

Legacies. — Madison,  Addison  Kim- 
ball, by  Lemuel  H.  Kimball,  Ex’r, 

10  18 
2 84 
28  00 

185  26 

4 00 
25  00 
25  00 

3 00 

5 00 
22  63 

2 46 

55  19 
20  60 

14  00 
4 00 



512  16 

Alton,  Church  of  the  Redeemer, 

Alto  Pass,  Cong.  ch. 

Bowen,  Cong.  ch. 

Canton,  Cong.  ch. 

Chandlervile,  Cong.  ch. 

Chicago,  University  Cong,  ch.,  6.25; 
Warren-ave.  Cong,  ch.,  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  J.  C.  Kilner,  15;  Pilgrim  Cong, 
ch.,  4;  Rev.  Henry  Willard,  20; 
Rev.  J.  A.  Adams,  5, 

Clifton,  Cong.  ch. 

Danville,  Cong.  ch. 

Delavan,  R.  Hoghton, 

Edelstein,  Cong.  ch. 

Elmwood,  Cong.  ch. 

Forrest,  Cong.  ch. 

Galesburg,  Central  Cong.  ch. 

Geneva,  Rev.  Carl  H.  Corwin,  70; 
Friend,  to  const.  Rev.  C.  H.  Cor- 
win, H.  M.,  TOO, 

Geneseo,  Cong.  ch. 

Glen  Ellyn,  Cong.  ch. 

Griggsville,  Cong.  ch. 

Hillsboro,  Central  Cong.  ch. 

Lake  View,  Church  of  the  Redeemer, 
Lockport,  Cong,  ch..  Ladies’  Mis. 

North  Aurora,  Cong.  ch. 

Peoria,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Rockford,  2d  Cong,  ch.,  412.92;  Thos. 

D.  Robertson,  50, 

Rollo,  Cong.  ch. 

Sandwich,  Cong.  ch. 

Western  Springs,  Cong.  ch. 

Wheaton,  ist  Cong.  ch.  (of  which 

9 60 
2 00 
10  25 
5 00 
48  16 

50  25 
I 00 
3 45 
30  00 
I 56 
5 00 
10  05 
81  87 

170  00 
75  83 
8 57 

II  00 
3 00 
2 30 

10  00 
10  00 
50  00 

462  92 
10  00 
36  85 
10  00 




Rev.  J.  D.  Wyckoff,  10,  and  Mary 
C.  Brewster,  10),  37  97 

Woodburn,  Cong.  ch.  (of  which  5 for 
Madura),  ii  05-1,167  68 


Ann  Arbor,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

57  90 

Breckenridge,  Cong.  ch. 

3 00 

Cedar  Springs,  Cong.  ch. 

6 50 

Covert,  Cong.  ch. 

15  00 

Detroit,  Woodward-ave.  Cong.  ch. 

119  65 

East  Nelson,  Cong.  ch. 

3 00 

Hart,  Congfch. 

I 00 

Jackson,  Perrine  Mission, 

Lamont,  Cong.  ch.  and  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
“ Self-denial  Offerings,” 

3 00 

10  00 

Ovid,  Cong.  ch. 

9 61 

Rapid  River,  Cong.  ch. 

3 00 

, Friend, 

soo  00 ; 


Beloit,  2d  Cong,  ch.,  44.07;  Mrs.  L. 
M.  Hill,  3.30, 

Black  Earth,  Rev.  Wm.  Stoddart, 
British  Hollow,  Thomas  Davies,  to 
const.  Rev.  Louis  B.  Nobis  and 
Rev.  Aaron  Breeze,  H.  M. 

Brown  town,  Harry  Lathrop, 

Clear  Lake,  Swedish  Cong.  ch. 
Clintonville,  Cong.  ch. 

Embarrass,  Cong.  ch. 

Friendship,  Cong.  ch. 

Ithaca,  Cong.  ch. 

Janesville,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Junction  City,  Cong.  ch. 

Lake  Geneva,  ist  Cong,  ch..  Thank- 
offering  at  dedication. 

Maple  Ridge,  Cong.  ch. 

Mazomanie,  Cong.  ch. 

Menasha,  Cong.  ch. 

Neillsville,  Cong.  ch. 

Neptune,  Cong.  ch. 

Raymond,  Cong.  ch. ' 

Seymour,  Cong.  ch. 

South  Milwaukee,  ist  Cong.  ch. 
Spring  Green,  Cong.  ch. 

Waukesha,  John  McVicar, 
Whitewater,  Cong.  ch. 

Wilson  Creek,  Cong.  ch. 

Wyoming,  Cong.  ch. 

47  37 
10  00 

ICO  00 
5 00 

3 93 
23  43 

9 66 
2 20 

4 10 
30  00 

15  25 

25  25 

1 55 
10  06 
50  00 

3 22 

2 59 

1 60 

2 60 
9 00 
I 33 
5 00 

29  95 

I 66 

3 63 — 398  38 

Legacies.  — Wild  Rose,  E.  E.  Hum- 
phrey, by  W.  E.  Humphrey, 

AdmT,  50  00 

Minneapolis,  Plymouth  Cong,  ch., 

Miss  Lucy  D.  Lyman,  25;  Oak  Park 
Cong,  ch.,  2;  Friend  for  native 
preachers,  India,  China,  and  Japan, 

200;  “ For  native  helpers,”  200,  427  00 

Morris,  Cong.  ch.  6 56 

St.  Paul,  Olivet  Cong.  ch.  of  Merriam 
Park,  for  Hulakegh  Mission,  23;  Pa- 
cific Cong.  ch.,  1. 91;  “ A.  3X.,”  150,  174  91 
Worthington,  Cong.  ch.  3 65 

Zumbrota,  ist  Cong.  ch.  18  00 706  86 

Legacies.  — Bloomington  Ferry,  H. 

D.  Cunningham,  by  Sever  Ellingson,  16  13 
Winona,  Geo.  F.  Hubbard,  by  Mrs. 

Ada  E.  Hubbard,  Ex’x,  300  00 316  13 


Athol,  Cong.  ch. 

Axtell,  Mrs.  Lura  C.  Shumway, 
Clear  Creek,  Cong.  ch. 

Council  Grove,  Cong.  ch. 
Hiawatha,  Cong.  ch. 

Kiowa,  Cong.  ch. 

Newton,  Cong.  ch. 

Plevna,  Cong.  ch. 


Ainsworth,  Cong.  ch. 

Crete,  Cong.  ch. 

Grant,  Cong.  ch. 

Indianola,  Cong.  ch. 

Leigh,  Cong.  ch. 

Lincoln,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Madrid,  Cong.  ch. 

Rogers,  Rev.  O.  D.  Crawford, 
Santee  Agency,  Pilgrim  Cong.  ch. 
Superior,  Ger.  Cong.  ch. 

Venango,  Cong.  ch. 

1,022  99 

6 25 
I 00 

1 00 
18  00 
17  58 

6 00 
5 81 

2 53 5<J  17 

12  85 
58  61 
9 40 
10  65 

5 73 
18  56 
2 10 

1 00 
31  29 

2 00 

2 50 154 



Black  Diamond,  Cong.  ch.  10  00 

Bloomington,  Cong.  ch.  3 00 

Oakland,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  125;  Rev. 

F.  B.  Perkins,  5,  130  00 

Rialto,  Cong.  ch.  2 00 

San  Francisco,  Plymouth  Cong.  ch.  2 90 

Sausalito,  Cong.  ch.  6 60 

Sebastopol,  Cong.  ch.  7 50 

Stockton,  Rev.  John  C.  Holbrook,  d.d.  5 00 

Weaverville,  Trinity  Cong.  ch.  17  05 184  05 



448  38 

Burlington,  Cong.  ch. 

Corning,  Cong.  ch. 

Des  Moines,  North  Park  Cong.  ch. 
Dickens,  Cong.  ch. 

Doon,  Rev.  W.  L.  Brandt, 

Dunlap,  Cong.  ch. 

Fairfax,  Cong.  ch. 

Fonda,  Hattie  Pinneo, 

Harlan,  Cong.  ch. 

Harmony,  Cong.  ch. 

Lansing,  Rev.  Andrew  Kem, 
Magnolia,  Cong.  ch. 

Nashua,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

New  Hampton,  Ger.  Cong.  ch. 

Rock  Rapids,  Cong.  ch. 

Toledo,  Cong.  ch. 

Wayne,  Cong.  ch. 

Wilton  Junction,  F.  Bacon,  25;  Rev. 
Carl  Hess,  2, 

2 30 
7 13 

18  25 
10  00 
S 00 
5 00 
3 25 


10  75 
3 60 

4 00 
7 28 

5 00 
2 50 

II  60 

17  43 
23  10 

163  69 

Legacies.  — Bancroft,  Sarah  A.  Little- 

789  92 


953  61 

Austin,  ist  Cong.  ch.  27  75 

Crookston,  ist  Cong.  ch.  5 58 

Dawson,  Cong.  ch.  12  00 

Lake  City,  ist  Cong.  ch.  25  41 

Lyle,  Cong.  ch.  6 00 

Astoria,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Bethany,  Cedar  Mills  Ger.  Cong.  ch. 
Corvallis,  Mrs.  R.  Kelley, 

Eugene,  Cong.  ch. 

Fairvicw,  Cong.  ch. 

Portland,  Hassalo-st.  Cong.  ch. 
Weston,  1st  Cong.  ch. 

Willsburg,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

6 47 
II  50 

1 00 
6 00 

2 50 

3 00 
3 00 

2 50 35  97 


Arriba,  Cong.  ch. 

Claremont,  Cong.  ch. 

Denver,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

Flagler,  Cong.  ch. 

Grand  Junction,  Cong.  ch. 

Montrose,  Cong.  ch. 

Seibert,  Cong.  ch. 


2 50 
6 75 

105  68 

3 00 

23  00 

5 00 

2 25- 

McMillin,  ist  Cong.  ch.  i 00 

Seattle,  Mrs.  H.  Vance,  25  84 26  84 


Kulm,  Ger.  Cong,  ch.,  20;  2d  Ger. 

Cong,  ch.,  2,  22  00 

Oberon,  Union  Cong,  ch..  Ladies’  Mis. 

Soc.  7 00 

Wahpeton,  Member  Conference,  20  00 49  00 


Alcesler,  Cong.  ch. 

Canova,  Rev.  Geo.  E.  Green, 

10  00 
10  00 




Elk  Point,  Cong.  ch. 

12  22 

Friedens,  Ger.  Cong.  ch. 

9 70 

Hot  Springs,  Wm.  Black, 

2 00 

Howard,  ist  Cong.  ch. 

2 50 

Hudson,  Cong.  ch. 

10  00 

Iroquois,  Cong.  ch. 

4 16 

Israels,  Ger.  Cong.  ch. 

4 00 

Mitchell,  Cong.  ch. 

14  17 

, Friends,  150  — 228  75 


Billings,  Cong.  ch.  7 75 

Livingston,  Holbrook  Cong.  ch.  17  30 25  05 


Pocatello,  Y,  P.  S.  C.  E.,  toward  sup- 
port Rev.  H.  D.  Goodenough,  15  00 


Salt  Lake  City,  Plymouth  Cong.  ch.  10  00 


Phoenix,  Mrs.  N.  D.  Lyman,  25;  Miss 

Ellen  H.  Lyman,  25,  50  00 


Pond  Creek,  Union  Cong.  ch.  215 


Province  of  Quebec.  — Granby, 

Rev.  R.  K.  Black,  10  00 

From  the  Canada  Congregational  Foreign 
Missionary  Society. 

Rev.  W.  T.  Gunn,  Montreal, 

Treasurer,  293  00 

For  native  preacher,  Madura,  40  00 — 333  00 


Austria.  — Kladno  ch.,  FI.,  11.07; 

Klattan  ch.,  FI.,  15.50;  Konig- 
gratz  ch.,  FI.,  4.15,  and  Nachow  ch., 

FI.,  2.80,  13  4t 

Bulgaria.  — Philippopolis,  Cong,  ch., 

6.50;  Samokov,  W.  W.,  15,  21  50 

Germany.  — Berlin,  Friend,  60  00 

Syria.  — Beirut,  Adana  ch.,  by  Hagop 
Agha  Donabetian,  8 80 

Turkey.  — Alacham,  Nicola  K.  Oghlo, 
for  missions  in  Africa,  9 77 — ”3  48 

Legacies.  — Hawaiian  Islands,  Ko- 
hala.  Rev.  Elias  Bond,  by  W.  \V. 

Hall,  500  00 

613  48 


From  Woman’s  Board  of  Missions. 

Miss  Sarah  Louise  Day,  Boston,  Treasurer . 

For  several  missions  in  part,  11,611  07 

From  Woman’s  P^ard  of  Missions  of  the 


Mrs.  J.  B.  Leake,  Chicago,  Illinois, 

Treasurer,  3>4i5  o° 

From  Canada  Congregational  Woman’s  Board  of 

Mrs.  Frances  A.  Sanders,  Montreal,  Treasurer. 
For  expenses  Cisamba  Station,  no  50 


Maine.  — Fryeburg,  Saco  Valley  Local 
Union  C.  E.  S.,  9:  South  Berwick,  Y.  P. 

S.  C.  E.,  4,61, 

New  Hampshire.  — Keene,  2d  Cong.  Sab. 
sch.,  lo;  Nashua,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  ist 
Cong,  ch.,  16.66;  Pembroke,  Cong.  Sab. 
sch.,  12.84;  Rochester,  ist  Cong,  Sab.  sch., 

Vermont.  — Essex  Junction,  Cong.  sab.  sch,, 
4 33;  Fair  Haven,  Union  Meeting  Welsh 
churches,  Cong,  and  Presb.,  4.55;  Rutland, 
Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  25,  and  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 

Massachusetts.  — Agawam,  Cong.  Sab. 
sch.,  10;  Amherst,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  North 
Cong,  ch.,  2,76;  Bernardston,  Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E.,  2;  Boston,  Walnut-ave.  Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E.,  20;  do.,  Brighton  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E,, 
35:  Bridgewater,  Y.  P.  S.  C,  E.,  3; 

Campello,  South  Sab.  sch.,  15.60;  Chat- 
ham, Y.  P.  S.  C,  E.,  5.65;  Erving,  Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E.,  2;  Florence,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  10; 
Haverhill  Sab.  sch.  of  West  Cong.  ch. 
(of  which  7.78  for  pupils  in  China),  14.53; 
Holbrook,  Y,  P.  S.  C,  E.,  4.50;  Lancaster, 
Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  5;  Marblehead,  ist  Cong. 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  15;  Monterey,  C)ong.  Sab. 
sch.,  7.40:  So.  Framingham,  Y.  P.  S,  C.  E.  of 
Grace  Cong,  ch.,  5;  Stoneham,  Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E„  6.68, 

Rhode  Island.  — Providence,  Union  Cong. 
Sab.  sch.,  39.23;  do.,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of 
Beneficent  Cong,  ch.,  for  work  in  Japan, 

Connecticut.  — Bristol,  ist  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
20;  Coventry,  2d  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  8.37; 
Eastford,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  student 
Pasumalai,  5;  Falls  Village,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
6.70;  Ledyard,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  2.75; 
Middletown,  Sab.  sch.  of  ist  ch.  of  Christ, 
for  school  at  Erzroom,  30;  New  London, 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  ist  Cong,  ch.,  14;  Salis- 
bury, Home  Dept,  of  Sab.  sch.,  13.23;  do.. 
Young  Men’s  Class,  1.55;  West  Hartford, 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  13;  West  Suffield,  Jun. 
C.  E.  S.,  for  India,  2.50;  West  Torrington, 
ist  Cong,  ch.,  7.44, 

New  York.  — Brooklyn,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of 
Park  Cong,  ch.,  lo;  do.,  Y.  Ladies’  Guild 
of  Clinton  ave.  Cong,  ch.,  100;  Deansboro, 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  4,  and  Jun.  C.  E.  S.,  i; 
New  York,  North  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  25; 
do.,  Forest-ave.  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  25; 
Northville,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  14;  Richmond 
Hill,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  10.25, 

New  Jersey.  — Morristown,  ist  Cong.  Sab. 

District  of  Columbia.  — Washington,  Jun. 

C.  E.  S.  of  Fifth  Cong.  ch.  ^ 

West  Virginia.  — Ceredo,  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
for  work  in  Armenia, 

Louisiana.  — New  Orleans,  Ruth  Y.  P.  S. 

C.  E.  of  Morris  Brown  Cong.  ch. 

Missouri.  — Iberia,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  2.71; 
Kansas  City,  Beacon  Hill  Sab.  sch.,  3.05; 
St.  Louis,  Reber-pl.  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  5, 
Tennessee.  — Memphis,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of 
Strangers’  Cong.  ch. 

Indiana.  — Whiting,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E. 

Ohio. — Cleveland,  ist  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
ig.27;  Lodi,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  10;  North 
Madison,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  3.35, 

Illinois.  — Canton,  Mission  Band  of  Cong, 
ch.,  i;  Chicago,  New  England  Cong.  Sab. 
sch.,  20;  Danville,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  1.55; 
Naperville,  ist  Cong.  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  12.26; 
Paxton,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  5.20;  Rockford,  2d 
Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  15:  Summerdale,  Y.  P. 
S.  C.  E.,  5;  Yorkville,  Cong,  ch.,  3, 
Michigan.  — Cedar  Springs,  Jun.  C.  E.  S., 
50C.;  East  Nelson,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  2;  Gra- 
tiot Centre,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  65c.;  Ovid, 
Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  1.51, 

Wisconsin. — La  Crosse,  ist  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
10;  Prescott,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  10, 

Iowa.  — Farragut,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,3.25;  Grin- 
nell,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  5:  Harlem,  Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E.,  4;  Magnolia,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  2.83, 
Minnesota.  — Cannon  Falls,  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
4.50;  New  Pay nesville,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  3; 
Rochester,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  5.66, 

KANsas.  — Partridge,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E. 

59  72 

46  61 

164  12 

41  73 

124  54 

189  25 
3 19 
I 00 
6 00 
I 00 

10  76 

5 27 
3 87 

32  62 

63  01 

4 66 
20  00 

15  08 

13  16 

I 46 

13  61 




Nebraska.  — Indian  Creek,  Y.  P,  S.  C.  E., 

3.25;  Leigh,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  ,E.,  5.67;  Wahoo, 

Tun.  C.  E.  S.,  1.20,  10  12 

Colorado.  — Cripple  Creek,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 

10;  Harman,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  2.50;  Lafa- 
yette, Y,  P.  S.  C.  E.,  7.60,  'to  10 

Oregon.  — Cedar  Mills,  Ger.  Cong.  Sab. 

sch.  10  00 

Utah.  — Salt  Lake  City, Plymouth  Sab.  sch.. 

Birthday  Box,  4 55 

Washington. — Pullman,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.  2 83 

North  Dakota.  — Fessenden,  Cong.  Sab. 

sch.  7 25 

South  Dakota.  — Canova,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 

3;  Iroquois,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  i;  Spring- 
field,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  i,  500 

Wyoming.  — Cheyenne,  ist  Cong.  ch.  7 53 

California.  — Paso  Robles,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  4 20 

892  24 


New  Hampshire.  — Hillsboro  Centre,  Cong. 

Sab. sch.  I 00 

Vermont.  — Brookfield,  2d  Cong.  Sab.  sch.  10  00 
Massachusetts. — Boston,  Sab.  sch.  of  2d 
ch.,  Dorchester,  20;  do..  Sab.  sch.  of  Cen- 
tral ch.,  Dorchester,  10;  Campello,  Prim. 

Dept,  of  South  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  10;  Gil- 
bertville,  Trin.  Sab.  sch.,  25;  Gloucester, 

Trin.  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  31. 55;  Great  Bar- 
rington, 1st  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  13.25;  Hub- 
bardston,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  5;  Ipswich,  ist 
Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  10 ; Mittineague,Cong.  Sab. 
sch.,  10;  North  Wilbraham,  Grace  Union 
Sab.  sch.,  10;  Windsor,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  5,  149  80 

Connecticut.  — Hartford,  Warburton  Chapel 
Sab.  sch.,  15.66;  Middletown,  Sab.  sch.  of 
ist  Ch.  of  Christ,  13;  New  Haven,  Wel- 
come Hall  Sab.  sch.  of  Ch.  of  the  Re- 
deemer, 25.25;  do.,  Davenport,  Sab.  sch., 

10,  63  91 

Illinois.  — Roseville,  Cong.  Sab.  sch.  2 56 

Nebraska.  — Springview,  W.  C.  Brown,  5 00 

232  27 


Missouri.  — St.  Louis,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of 
Union  Cong,  ch.,  for  Bates  Fund,  2 10 

Illinois.  — Chicago,  ist  Cong.  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
for  Larkin  Fund,  8.85;  do.,  Waveland-ave., 

Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  do.,  5;  Galesburg,  Y.  P. 

S.  C.  E.  of  E.  Main-st.  Cong.  ch.,for  do., 

5;  Hennepin,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  do.,  5;  La 
Harpe,  do.,  for  do.,  5;  Lake  View,  Y.  P.  S. 

C.  E.  of  Ch.  of  the  Redeemer,  for  do.,  4; 
Lyonsville,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  do.,  5; 

Plano,  do.,  for  do.,  i ; Quincy,  do.  of  Union 
Cong,  ch.,  for  do.,  10;  Rockford,  do.  of  2d 
Cong,  ch.,  for  do.,  15;  Rosemond,  Y.  P.  S. 

C.  E.,  fordo.,  15;  St.  Charles,  do. , for  do.,  3; 

Sheffield,  do.,  for  do.,  25;  Tonica,  do.,  for 
do.,  10;  Waverly,  do.,for  do.,  5.76;  Wyanet, 

do.,  for  do.,  25,  147  61 

Iowa.  — Alden,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,for  White  Fund, 

8.65;  Creston,  do.,  for  do.,  8;  Dubuque,  do., 
for  do.,  10,  26  65 

Minnesota.  — Ada,  Jun.  C.  E.  S.,  for  White 
Fund,  3 42 

Wisconsin.  — Arena,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  Olds 
Fund,  4.50;  Mazomanie,  do.,  for  do.,  5,  9 50 

Kansas.  — Honey  Creek,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for 
Bates  Fund,  5;  Independence,  do.,  for  do., 

1.50;  Leona,  do.,  for  do.,  5,  ii  50 

Nebraska.  — Aurora,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for 
Bates  Fund,  3;  Lincoln,  do.  of  ist  Cong, 
ch.,  for  10.,  15;  Silver  Creek,  Y.  P.  S. 

C.  £.,  for  do.,  2,  20  00 

Colorado. — Lyons,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,for  Al- 
brecht Fund,  3.93;  Manitou,  do.,  fordo.,  10,  13  93 

North  Dakota.  — Dwight,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 

for  Albrecht  Fund,  20;  Oberon,  do.,  for  do.. 

South  Dakota. — Drakola,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
for  Albrecht  Fund,  5.70;  Elk  Point,  do.,  for 
do.,  2.80;  Envin,  do.,  for  do.,  6, 


Vermont.  — Cornwall,  Rev.  S.  H.  Barnum, 

5;  Milton,  Mrs.  M.  J.  Jackson,  to  const. 
herself,  H.  M.,  100;  do.  Miss  Fuller,  i; 
Northfield,  Rev.  W.  S.  Hazen,  d.d.,  5;  St. 
Johnsbury,  “ E.  T.  F.,”  10;  Woodstock, 

Miss  M.  G.  Pratt,  5,  126  00 

Massachusetts.  — Barre,  Rev.  J.  F.  Gay- 
lord, 10;  Boston,  Samuel  Johnson,  1,000; 

Miss  Frances  E.  Washburn,  2;  Chelsea, 

Friend,  5;  Hatfield,  Rev.  R.  M.  Woods, 

25,  and  Mrs.  R.  M.  Woods,  5;  Holyoke, 

Friend,  25;  Ludlow,  Friend,  2;  Melrose 
Highlands,  Rev.  Burke  F.  Leavitt,  25; 
Mittineague,  Rev.  A.  M.  Spangler,  10; 

Newton  Centre,  Rev.  Daniel  L.  Furber, 

D. D.,  100,  and  Friend,  50;  Orange,  Central 
Cong,  ch.,  50.50;  Springfield,  South  Cong, 
ch.,  100;  do..  Sab.  sch.  of  Memorial  ch., 

38;  Worcester,  Plymouth  ch..  Rev.  A.  E. 

P.  Perkins,  d.d.,  10;  , M.  C.  B.,  100,  1,557  5° 

Connecticut.  — Berlin,  Mrs.  Lydia  S.  Wood- 
worth,  5;  Bridgewater,  Warren  Morse,  i; 

Burnside,  S.  M.  Williams,  50;  Cromwell, 

E.  S.  Coe,  10;  Danbury,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  15; 

East  Haddam,  Rev.  Francis  Parker,  5; 

Hartford,  Mrs.  C.  A.  Jewell,  25;  do.,  W. 

C.  Hawks,  5;  do.,  Wm.  A.  Mather,  5; 
do..  Friend,  5;  Meriden,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  W 

G.  Warnock,  10;  do.,  John  S.  Lane,  5;  do. 

Saxton  B.  Little,  5;  do.,  Alice  Porter,  5; 
do..  Miss  Olmstead,  3;  do.,  Mrs.  G.  W. 

Wilson,  3;  do.,  W.  E.  Benham,  2;  do., 

Mrs.  Wm.  Taylor,  2;  do..  Miss  Pinks,  i; 
do.,  Thomas  Morgan,  i;  do.,  W.  S.  Bil- 
lard,  i;  do..  Cash,  3.75;  do., Cash,  3;  New 
Haven,  E.  S.  Greeley,  100;  Mrs.  Geo.  E. 

Day,  30;  Rev.  and  Mrs.  L.  P.  Peet,  25; 

C.  E.  P.  Sanford,  25;  Samuel  D.  Gilbert, 

25;  Wm.  T.  Barnum,  10;  Edwin  L.  Chap- 
man, 10;  Rev.  W.  ^Y.  McLane,  10;  Mrs. 

Edith  B.  Sanders,  10;  Geo.  R.  Chamberlain, 

10;  Mrs.  Henriette  F.  B.  Root,  5;  Mrs. 

Isabelle  E.  G.  Tiley,  5;  Charles  H.  Blakes- 
lee,  5;  Miss  Lillian  E.  Prudden,  5;  Miss 
L.  H.  Dayton,  5;  Mrs.  S.  E.  Day,  5;  Mrs. 

Juliette  D.  Hazel,  5;  Mrs.  Mary  J.  Prud- 
den, 5;  Mrs.  R.  B.  Bradley,  2;  Miss  Flor- 
ence N.  Pease,  2;  Mrs.  J.  H.  Vorce,  2; 

Arthur  V.  Woodworth,  2;  Frank  L.  Cole- 
man, 2;  Miss  C.  M.  Bradley,  i;  Mrs.  A. 

Sheldon,  i ; Harry  Hicks,  i ; W.  R.  Ham- 
lin, i;  John  A.  Spofford,  i;  Miss  Ella  E. 

Smith,  i;  Mrs.  S.  C.  Churchill,  1;  Mrs. 

H.  S.  Stone,  i;  L.  Thurston,  i;  F.  W. 
Heberlein,  i;  New  London,  Rev.  Jas.  W. 

Bixler,  10;  Norwich,  W.  R.  Burnham,  25; 

Redding,  Friends,  1.25;  Salisbury,  Rev. 
and  Mrs.  J.  C.  Goddard,  15;  do..  Rev. 

Lyman  Warner,  5;  Talcottville,  Mrs.  C. 

D.  Talcott,  25,  and  H.  G.  Talcott,  50; 
Thompson,  Cong,  ch.,  5.59;  Thompson- 
ville,  R.  F.  King,  5;  So.  Norwalk,  Rev. 

G.  H.  Beard,  5;  Westchester,  Rev.  E.  G. 

Stone,  2;  Winsted,  L.  M.  Blake,  10,  644  59 

New  York.  — Albany,  David  A.  Thomp- 
son, 25;  Buffalo,  Rev.  L.  G.  Rogers,  2,  27  00 

District  of  Columbia.  — Washington, 

Missionary,  25  00 

Minnesota.  — Minneapolis,  Friend,  25  00 

Syria.  — Beirut,  Rev.  Harvey  Porter,  10  00 



Maine.  — Orland,  Emma  Buck,  for  school, 

Madura,  10;  , Friends  for  work  in 

China,  57,  67  00 

New  Hampshire.  — Bristol,  Friends,  by  Miss 
H.  E.  Green,  for  Free  Bed,  Foochow  Hos- 
pital, 24;  Exeter,  Nathaniel  Gordon,  for 
library,  Tung-cho,  50;  Gilmanton  Iron 
Works,  Cong,  ch..  Children’s  Mis.  Soc.,  for 
use  of  MissM.  E.  Price,  2.70,  76  70 

Vermont.  — Westminster  West,  Cong.  Sab. 
sch.,  for  pupils,  Ceylon, 

274  21 

12  00 



[March,  1898. 

Massachusetts. —Auburn,  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
for  Bible-woman,  Foochow,  20;  Auburn- 
dale,  Mrs.  Geo.  M.  Adams,  for  work,  care 
Miss  M.  T.  Noyes,  8;  Boston,  Y.  P.  S.  C. 
E.  of  Walnut-ave,  Cong.  ch.  (Roxbury), 
for  medical  assistant  to  l5r.  W.  L.  Hall,  48; 
do.,  Samuel  Johnson,  for  work,  care  Rev. 
C.  C.  Tracy,  25;  do..  Friend,  for  work,  care 
Rev.  J.  P.  McNaughton,  3.50;  Chelsea, 
Miss  A.  P.  James,  for  work,  care  Miss  E. 
M.  Stone,  25;  Curtisville,  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
for  native  teacher,  care  Rev.  H.  Fairbank, 
13;  Harvard,  Rev.  C.  C.  Torrey,  for  work, 
care  Rev.  A.  W.  Clarke,  5;  Holyoke,  Mrs. 
C.  S.  Hemingway,  for  pupil,  care  Miss  J. 
E.  Dudley,  2;  Ipswich,  D.  R.  L,,  for  work, 
care  Miss  P.  L.  Cull,  10;  Milford,  Friend, 
for  work,  care  Rev.  hi.  P.  Parmelee,  25; 
North  Wilbraham,  Cong,  ch.,  Cent-a-day 
Band,  for  work,  care  the  Mi.sses  Ely,  10; 
Salem,  Chinese  Sab.  sch.  of  Y.  M.  C.  A., 
for  work,  care  Rev.  C.  R.  Hager,  10; 
Somerville,  Franklin-st.  Sab.  sch.,  for  pupil, 
care  Rev.  E.  G.  Tewksbury,  7.50;  South 
Acton,  Friends  in  Cong,  ch.,  for  student, 
care  Miss  C.  Shattuck,  9;  Springfield,  Sab. 
sch.  of  ist  ch.  of  Christ,  for  work,  care  Rev. 

G.  C.  Raynolds,  56.76;  do.,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of 
Memorial  ch.,  for  work,  care  Rev.  J.  P. 
McNaughton,  7;  do..  Sab.  sch.  Class,  Memo- 
rial ch.,  fordo.,  7;  do.,  Mrs.  D.  J.  Bartlett, 
for  do.,  25;  West  Hanover,  Jun.  C.  E.  S, 
of  ist  Cong,  ch.,  for  work,  care  Rev.  E.  P. 
Holton,  7;  Worcester,  Central  Cong.  Sab. 
sch.,  for  work,  care  Rev.  Dwight  Goddard, 
10;  do.,  Mrs.  Ruth  P.  Beaman,  for  pupil, 
care  Mrs.  W.  O.  Ballantine,  5, 

Rhode  Island.  — Newport,  United  Cong, 
ch..  Friend,  for  Inanda  Seminary,  25; 

, T.  L.  “ In  Memoriam,”  for  Koordish 

Hymn  Books,  100, 

Connecticut.  — Bridgeport,  Park  Sab.  sch.. 
Class  of  M.  W.  Hovey,  for  use  of  Rev.  R. 
Chambers,  6;  Burrville,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for 
pupil,  Anatolia  College,  15;  do.,  Mrs.  J. 
M.  Burr,  for  do.,  15;  East  Hartland,  James 
W.  Colt,  for  use  of  Rev.  L.  S.  Yates,  50; 
East  Windsor,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  ist  Cong, 
ch.,  for  pupil,  care  Miss  M.  E.  Brewer,  5; 
New  Britain,  Friends,  for  Bible-readers’ 
Home,  Madura,  40;  New  London,  Sab.  sch. 
of  ist  ch.  of  Christ,  for  work,  care  Rev.  C. 
A.  Nelson,  57;  Norfolk,  Ch.  of  Christ,  Y. 
La.  Mis.  Band,  for  work,  care  Rev.  J.  H. 
Roberts,  20;  Plainville,  Cong,  ch.,  for  work, 
care  Rev.  L.  P.  Peet,  16.50;  do..  Friend, 
for  Dormitory,  Foochow,  5;  Salisbury, 
Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  for  work,  care  Miss  F.  C. 
Gage,  25 ; do.,  do..  Miss  Norton’s  class,  for 
use  of  Mrs.  D.  M.  B.  Thom,  1.40;  Stam- 
ford, Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  ist  Cong,  ch.,  for 
Bible-reader,  care  Rev.  J.  E.  Tracy,  8, 
New  York.  — Angola,  Miss  A.  H.  Ames,  for 
Scholarship,  Anatolia  College,  5;  Clifton 
Springs,  Dr.  and  Mrs.  F.  W.  Spaulding, 
for  work,  care  Dr.  H.  T.  Whitney,  and  to 
const.  Rev.  W.  P.  Clancy  and  Rev.  C.  C. 
Sampson,  H.  M.,  ioo;  New  York,  Sab.  sch. 
of  Wood’s  Memorial  Chapel,  for  work,  care 
Rev.  A.  McLachlan,  25;  do.,  Forest-ave. 
Cong.  Sab.  sch.,  for  work,  care  Rev.  W.  P, 
Elwood,  15;  Warsaw,  Virginia  Lawrence, 
for  use  of  Rev.  H.  C.  Hazen,2;  Willard, 
Emma  Helmes,  for  work,  care  Miss  Laura 
M.  Mellen,  2, 

New  Jersey.  — Montclair,  Friends,  by  Mrs. 

H.  D.  Carter,  for  work,  care  Rev.  W.  S. 
Dodd,  57.26;  Princeton,  Leroy  A.  Mer- 
shon,  for  High  School,  Bombay,  3;  West- 
field,  Cong,  ch.,  J.  L.  Clayton,  for  native 
preacher,  care  Rev.  J.  E.  Tracy,  15, 

Pennsylvania.  — Edwardsdale,  Welsh  Cong. 
ch._and  Jun.  C.  E.  S.,  for  student,  care 
Rev.  J.  P.  Jones, 

Texas.  — Paris,  ist  Cong,  ch.,  90;  Sab.  sch., 
7.50;  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  7.50,  and  Ladies’ Soc., 
15,  all  for  work,  care  Miss  E.  M.  Swift, 
Ohio.  — Bellevue,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E. , for  native 
pastor,  Madura,  14;  Cleveland,  Theodore 

338  76 

125  00 

M.  Bates,  50,  Peter  L.  Watts,  5,  and  C.  O. 

Hale,  4,  through  Justus  L.  Cozad,  for 
work,  care  Rev.  H.  B.  Newell;  Oberlin, 

Dudley  Allen,  for  work,  care  Rev.  C.  C. 

Tracy,  100;  do..  Friend,  through  Mrs.  L. 

G.  B.  Hills,  for  use  of  Mrs.  J.  L.  Coffing, 

18;  Springfield,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  ist  Cong, 
ch.,  for  use  of  Rev.  Geo.  E.  Albrecht,  25,  216  00 

Illinois.  — Chicago,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  Pil- 
grim Mayflower  Cong,  ch.,  for  native 
worker,  Marathi,  50;  do.,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of 
Sixth  Presb.  ch . , by  C.  N . Ransom,  for  work 
in  Van,  25;  do.,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of  Doug- 
las-park  Cong,  ch.,  for  work,  care  Rev. 

R.  S.  Stapleton,  10;  Farmington,  Geo. 

W.  Little,  for  native  worker,  Madura, 

44,  i2g  00 

Wisconsin.  — Hayward,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.  of 
ist  Cong,  ch.,  for  work,  care  Miss  Luella 
Miner,  25  00 

Minnesota.  — Minneapolis,  Plymouth  Sab. 
sch.,  for  use  of  Miss  A.  Abbott,  40;  North- 
field,  the  “ H.  S.  S.  C.,”  Carleton  College, 
for  pupil,  care  Miss  F.  C.  Gage,  8;  do.,  do., 
for  pupil,  care  Miss  M.  E.  Moulton,  17,  65  00 

Iowa.  — Magnolia,  Mrs.  Mary  L.  Hillis,  for 
work,  care  Rev.  Dwight  Goddard,  20; 

, Friend,  for  work,  care  Rev.  Geo. 

E.  White,  20,  40  00 

Nebraska. — Crete,  Students,  Doane  College, 
for  relief  native  agency,  India,  20.51;  do., 

Mrs.  Geo.  Stevens’  Sab.  sch.  class,  for 
work,  care  Rev.  F.  W.  Bates,  5;  do..  Mis- 
sion Band,  Doane  College,  for  work,  care 
Rev.  F.  R.  Bunker,  i ; Hastings,  Ger. 

Cong,  ch.,  for  work,  Japan,  9,  35  51 

South  Dakota.  — Yankton,  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
for  work,  care  Rev.  J.  E.  Abbott,  16  39 

California.  — Claremont,  Cong.  Sab.  sch., 
for  pupil,  Ahmednagar,  12  00 

Washington.  — Walla  Walla,  Rev.  Stephen 

B.  L.  Penrose,  10  00 

Canada.  — Montreal,  D.  W.  Ross,  for  native 
agency.  West.  Turkey,  50  00 

From  The  Canada  Congregational  Foreign 
Missionary  Society. 

Rev.  W.  T.  Gunn,  Montreal,  Treasurer. 

For  boys,  care  Rev.  W.  T.  Currie,  67  00 

Austria. , Prague  ch.,  FI.,  50,  and 

Weinberg  and  Smichow  ch.,  FI.,  105.57,  for 

use  of  Rev.  H.  Kingman,  62  22 

Great  Britain. , Friends,  through 

G.  C.  Maclean,  for  Lend-a-hand  Fund,  care 

Rev,  R.  C.  Hastings,  90  40 

263  90 

From  Woman’s  Board  of  Missions. 

Miss  Sarah  Louise  Day,  Boston, 

For  use  of  Miss  C.  E.  Bush,  100  00 

For  Okayama  Orphanage,  1000 

For  medical  expenses  Sliss  Clara  L. 

Brown,  15,  and  Miss  Julia  A.  Gu- 

lick,  63,  78  00 — 188  00 

149  00 

75  26 

25  00 

120  00 

From  Woman’s  Board  of  Missions  of  the 

Mrs.  J.  B.  Leake,  Chicago,  Illinois, 

For  use  of  Rev.  H.  G.  Bissell,  5 00 

For  pupil,  care  Rev.  Geo.  C.  Ray- 
nolds, 25  00 30  00 

2,289  14 

Donations  received  in  January,  5i»i6i  62 

Legacies  received  in  January,  12,636  82 

63.798  44 

Total  from  September  1, 1897,  to  Janu- 
ary 31, 1898:  Donations,  $186,674.70; 
Legacies,  $74,021.36  = $260,696.06. 

For  Young  People 



In  October  last  there  was  celebrated  here  and  in  all  the  villages  about  Jaffna 
the  ‘‘  xYine  Nights’  Festival,”  which  I will  try  to  describe.  Jaffna  has  a great 
number  of  heathen  temples,  there  being  in  Manepy  alone  no  less  than  nine  big 
Hindu  temples,  besides  a great  many  smaller  ones.  The  engraving  shows  one  of 


these  temples  near  Manepy,  with  men  worshiping  and  the  priests  giving  the  sacred 
ashes.  In  Manepy  itself  there  is  a noted  temple  dedicated  to  the  god  Pulliar, 
the  eldest  son  of  Siva,  the  chief  god  of  the  Hindus.  This  temple  is  quite  close 
to  the  Christian  church  and  hospital,  and  is  frequented  by  people  from  all  parts 
of  Jaffna. 

It  is  curious  to  know  that  even  the  officiating  priest  of  this  temple  did  not 

122  The  Nine  Nights  Festival  in  Ceylon.  [March, 

know  the  history  of  this  Nine  Nights’  Festival,  thus  proving  how  blindly  the 
Hindus  worship  their  gods  and  spend  large  sums  of  money  on  what  they  really 
know  nothing  about.  The  story  is  thus  related  : — 

Once  upon  a time  there  was  a feud  between  the  giant-god  Asuran  and  the 
goddess  Kali,  or  Durga,  which  lasted  nine  full  days.  In  these  feuds  it  is  said 
the  Asuran  assumed  different  forms,  at  one  time  a bull,  again  a cat,  a hen,  and 
lastly  a tree.  On  the  ninth  night  Asuran  was  killed. 

In  commemoration  of  this  event  every  year  the  Hindus  celebrate  these  festi- 
vals in  their  various  temples.  The  Brahmans,  or  Hindu  priests,  relate  exaggerated 
stories  of  the  feats  done  by  the  gods,  to  an  audience  of  worshipers,  who  come 
there  with  various  offerings.  On  the  ninth  day  the  gods  are  placed  upon  graven 
images  of  animals.  These  animals  are  found  in  all  the  important  temples,  and 
are  elaborately  made  at  great  expense. 

On  this  night  the  gods  ride  on  horses  as  lifeless  as  the  images,  and  these 
again  are  borne  on  poles  carried  on  men’s  shoulders.  They  first  march  round 
the  temple  with  a crowd  of  people,  some  beating  drums,  deafening  to  one’s  ears. 
Then  the  gods  go  to  meet  the  neighboring  gods  in  the  evening,  when  a sham 
fight  goes  on.  In  the  centre  is  placed  a tree  gayly  decorated,  representing  the 
form  Asuran  took  upon  himself  on  the  last  day  of  the  feud.  Then  this  tree  is 
cut  down  by  the  priest,  to  signify  the  fatal  result  of  the  fight  which  happened 
thousands  of  years  ago. 

Each  day  of  the  great  festival  began  with  the  sound  of  a bell  ringing  about 
6 A.M.  for  the  people  to  gather  with  their  offerings,  such  as  flowers,  rice,  cocoa- 
nuts,  etc.,  to  the  god  Pulliar ; then  at  ii  a.m.,  and  again  in  the  evening,  we 
heard  the  beating  of  drums  and  music,  if  it  can  be  called  music,  of  pipes  and 
trumpets,  which  continued  past  midnight.  During  all  hours  of  the  day  men, 
women,  and  sometimes  children  could  be  seen  making  their  bows  and  salaams 
towards  the  temple,  the  men  rolling  their  bodies  till  they  made  a complete  tour 
round  the  temple,  at  the  same  time  muttering  some  words  in  Tamil ; the  women 
making  a tour  by  bowing  their  faces  and  kissing  the  ground  ; then,  taking  a little 
sand  in  their  hand,  they  throw  this  over  them  ; then  rise,  putting  their  feet  where 
the  head  touched  before,  thus  measuring  their  length  on  the  ground  till  they 
have  gone  around  the  temple. 

Each  evening  the  god  was  taken  out  for  a ride  around  the  temple,  one  night 
on  a large  painted  rat,  the  other  nights  on  painted  horses  or  different  kinds  of 
portable  cars,  all  decorated  with  flowers,  etc.,  and  lit  up  by  torches  carried  by 
some  men,  followed  by  crowds  of  people.  One  of  the  storehouses  of  sacred 
images  of  animals,  called  Vahans,  on  which  the  idols  are  taken  to  ride,  is  shown 
in  the  engraving  opposite.  In  front  of  the  procession  is  a big  doll,  about 
twice  the  size  of  an  ordinary  man,  painted  in  gorgeous  colors.  This  was  to 
represent  the  devil,  we  were  told.  Inside  this  doll  is  a man  whose  eyes  can  look 
through  holes  pierced  about  the  middle  of  the  doll’s  body,  and  so  he  walks  about 
injront  of  the  god,  dancing  and  making  bows,  exciting  more  attention  probably 
than  the  god  itself. 

Every  day  during  the  festival  several  cavadies  passed  on  their  way  to  the 
temple.  These  are  arched  frames  decorated  with  tinsel  and  flowers,  and  at  each 
of  the  four  corners  is  a bunch  of  peacock  feathers.  In  some  cavadies  money 



The  Nine  Nights  Festival  in  Ceylon. 

was  placed  and  sometimes  milk  also,  to  wash  the  idol.  The  cavadies  are  carried 
on  the  head  and  shoulders  of  some  one  who  has  made  a vow  in  time  of  sickness 
to  carry  this  from  his  house  to  the  temple  as  an  offering.  One  day  about  noon 
we  saw  six  cavadies  pass.  One  was  an  old  man,  who  had  iron  hooks  thrust  into 

the  muscles  of  his  back,  fastened  to  strings  which  were  pulled  by  another  man, 
both  dancing  round  the  circle. 

The  last  day  of  the  feast  was  the  Tamil  New  Year’s  Day  and  the  great  car  day 
of  the  festival,  when  thousands  of  people  came  to  worship  at  the  temple  here. 

124  Nine  Nights'  Festival  in  Ceylon.  [March,  1898. 

At  8.30  A.M.  several  of  the  native  Christians  met  in  the  house  for  prayer,  and 
afterward  we  went  to  the  dispensary  and  began  the  meeting  at  9 a.m.  The  organ 
was  placed  in  the  doorway  of  the  surgical  dressing  room,  with  a choir  of  girls 
seated  behind,  so  that  the  music  and  singing  helped  to  attract  the  passers-by  to 
come  in  and  listen.  The  large  gate  was  thrown  open  and  many  soon  gathered, 
filling  all  the  benches  and  some  standing.  Over  150  were  present  at  one  time, 
and  while  many  went  away,  others  came  in  to  fill  their  places,  so  that  between 
400  and  500  people  would  hear  the  gospel  story. 

We  sang  several  Tamil  lyrics  and  hymns,  which  were  explained  by  a number 
of  speakers,  of  whom  there  were  two  native  pastors,  two  or  three  native 


doctors,  and  several  teachers  and  catechists.  Some  gave  thrilling  gospel 
addresses,  while  one  told  of  his  conversion,  to  which  the  people  listened  most 
eagerly.  The  people  behaved  and  listened  well,  except  just  at  the  close  of  the 
meeting,  when  a few  became  a little  outrageous  and  began  throwing  small  stones, 
probably  because  of  what  one  of  the  speakers  had  said  about  their  idol  worship, 
or  because  the  great  car  was  being  taken  out,  which  caused  no  little  excitement. 

Although  a few  stones  flew  past  us,  one  just  touching  my  face,  no  one  was 
hurt  in  the  least,  and  no  damage  done  to  the  mission  premises,  to  our  delight. 
Quiet  was  soon  restored  and  the  people  dismissed,  many,  we  hope,  having  got 
good  by  being  present,  and  we  feel  sure  it  did  good  among  the  native  Christians, 
making  them  realize  more  the  needs  of  their  own  people. 

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